The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in old Greece. Geographically lock are an extremely close to each other, but have periodically had really different values, lifestyles, and also cultures.

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Athens matches Sparta comparison chart AthensSpartaAbout Country Geography Population (Ancient) Region Climate Economy (Ancient) Culture (Ancient) Military Outlook (Ancient) Ancestry girls education Population (Modern) Economy (Modern) Latitude Longitude Time zone
The capital and also largest city the Greece. Leader that the Delian League. Residence of many ancient philosophers, historians, and also authors. Known in Greek together Sparti. The city lies at the southern finish of the central Laconian plain, top top the right financial institution of the Eurotas River.
Greece Greece
Close the sea with a harbor. Hilly area. Landlocked. Likewise in a hilly area that offers natural defense.
At time of Peloponnesian battle 360,000-610,000 At time the Peloponnesian battle 40,000-50,000
Attica Laconia
Mediterranean climate, but more dry with around 15 inches of rain per year Also a Mediterranean climate, however with an ext rain.
Dependent on trade and also agriculture Dependent on agriculture
Forward looking and also progressive Controlling, traditional, and also conservative
not as military based, and also required military business was only two years for citizens. Marine was best in the Greek world. mandatory military business from age 7 come 60. Land based military with no navy until the end of the Peloponnesian war.
Democratic Oligarchic
Ionian Descent Descendants the the Dorian invaders
no yes
3,761,811 35,529
Dependent on farming and tourism. Mostly based on tourism
37 58" 37 04" N
N 23 43" E N 22 25" E


Both Athens and Sparta hold historical value because that Greece and the world. Athens is the capital and also the biggest city of Greece. The is a facility for economic, political, jae won and culture life in Greece. Athens is the prize of freedom, art, and also democracy in the conscience the the polite world. Athens take it its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess the wisdom and knowledge.

Sparta, a town close to the river Evrotas, is situated in the center of the Peloponnese in southern Greece. Sparta was the Dorian Greek armed forces state, thought about as the protector the Greece together it was providing big army to greece for numerous years. At present, Sparta is the administrative capital the the consciousness of Laconia.


Athens has been continuously lived in for at least 3,000 years, becoming the top city of old Greece in the first millennium BCE; its social achievements during the 5th century BCE set the foundations of western civilization. During the middle Ages, the city experienced decrease and climate recovery under the byzantine Empire, and also was relatively prosperous throughout the Crusades, as they benefitted from Italian trade. ~ a long duration of decrease under the dominance of the ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century together the resources of the live independence Greek state.

Tradition relates that Sparta was started by its an initial king, Lacedaemon, boy of Zeus and Taygete, who named the city after ~ his wife, the daughter that Eurotas, roughly 1000 BCE. Some eighty years after the Trojan War, follow to the traditional chronology, Dorian migration from the north take it place and also eventually brought about the increase of timeless Sparta — renowned as a martial power, adversary of the Persian Empire, and also eventual conquer of Athens. After overcoming many kingdoms and warring with plenty of communities, Sparta infect a major empire around 400 BCE. This was also the time of Athens" fall, which proclaimed Sparta premium in the consistent war that the 2 empires. In medieval times, the city that Sparta was damaged by many invasions. Modern-day day Sparta, i m sorry is well-known as Sparti in Greece, was rebuilt roughly 1834.

ideas and culture

Athens and also Sparta differed in their concepts of getting together with the remainder of the Greek empires. Sparta appeared to it is in content through themselves and noted their military whenever required. The is why it thought about itself as the protector that the Greek. On the various other hand, Athens wanted to take manage of more and much more land in Greece. This idea at some point led come war in between the Greeks. Sparta had a an effective army and also Athens knew that they can not to win them yet they had actually the power of a marine unit i beg your pardon Sparta no have.

What the two areas had in usual was that they to be both thinkers. Castle worshiped your gods and also respected people. They love beauty, music, literature, drama, philosophy, politics, art, and sports. It can be said that some also loved fight itself.

Where lock differed was the while the Spartans had militaristic values, Athenians to be democratic. The Spartans emphasized just on expanding their power and gaining manage over other kingdoms if the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in old times. They taken the importance of together growth and also concentrated on them as well as on army strength.



The Athenian form of electing a federal government was called minimal Democracy if the Spartan type was dubbed oligarchy" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and also aristocracy (rule by the upper class or soil owning class). Sparta has had two rulers in current times, that ruled until they died. Top top the various other hand, the ruler of Athens is chosen annually. Athens is claimed to have been the birthplace that democracy.

Sparta to be an “Oligarchy”. The ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, while “archia” way “rule” – ‘rule through the few’. Five Ephors were chosen annually, attach by two kings, who passed top top the crowns come their liked sons. The Spartan tantamount of the senate was its “gerousia”, if Ephors and the majesties would consistently attend the “apella” (general assembly) to construct and try to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and also decrees. Various other purposes of the general assembly to be to vote on and also pass legislation and make civil decisions. The process by i m sorry this to be undertaken was by a simple shouting that ‘yes’ or ‘no’.

As a whole, the five Ephors had the strength to overrule the Kings, but tended to keep to religious and aggressive duties. Sparta’s system of government was really exclusive and also open come members of only the highest social standing.

On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). 5000 to 6000 men were narrowed under to a group of 500, that would climate be split into groups of 50. Each would certainly take fee for around a month, and ten generals were automatically elected because of their experience. Rather were favored by a method called ‘lot’ voting. The Athenian assembly, known as the “ekklesia”, satellite to talk about political, militaristic and also social matters and also agendas in the pnyx. This to be an area nearby by to the markets and also social centre of Athens, the “agora”.

way of life


Compared to the straightforward lifestyle that the Spartan people, Athenians had actually a very modern and open up outlook. Unequal Sparta, in Athens, boys were not forced to join the army. Together an Athenian, one might get a good education and also could seek several kinds of arts and also sciences. Sparta human being were not open up to education and they only concentrated on military strength and obedience and they didn"t interact much v the exterior world.

communication with various other Greek claims

Sparta was contents to save to chin and provided army and assistance when crucial to other states. Athens, top top the other hand, wanted to control more and much more of the land about them. This eventually led to war in between all the Greeks.


Athens had actually a Mediterranean climate with good amount of precipitation, vice versa, Sparta had reasonably temperate but an extremely dry climate. Due to soil erosion and less vegetation, water to be a an extremely scanty commodity in Sparta.

ladies of Athens and Sparta

Family ties in Athens were stronger and women were legally the dependents of your husbands or their father. They can own no property apart from the family. In Sparta, women had rights that various other Greek women did not have. In Sparta women were stronger and they developed liaisons with guys as they chose. They could likewise own residential or commercial property by themselves. In Athens women did chores such as weaving or cooking, however in Sparta the females were totally free of all such chores.

War between Athens and Sparta

Athens and also Sparta were 2 rival city-states, when the last had really well trained military and soldiers, the former boasted that a an excellent navy. Athens and also its allies, recognized as the Delian League, come into dispute with the Spartans and also the Peloponnesian league, and also in 431 BC a war broke out between the two cities - a war based on trade routes, rivalries, and tributes payment by smaller dependent states.

This conflict, the Peloponnesian War, basically was a 28-year duration of on and off polite war amongst Greek city-states. (A city-state was a city, such as Athens, and also the surrounding nation under its influence and also protection; Athens and its neighboring area, known as Attica, was about the dimension of Rhode Island). Sparta had actually a clean military advantage on land, however the Athenian navy surpassed Sparta’s capabilities at sea; neither side had the ability to seize and also maintain the top hand. Both political parties experienced significant victories and also crushing defeats, and also the battle was frequently interrupted by periods of negotiated peace. The war finished in 404 BC with the defeat of Athens and its democracy.

economic climate

Sparta was mainly an farming land since of the inland location. The most necessary imports were metals. In Sparta, males were largely warriors; others were slaves. Their economic climate was mainly based on agriculture. Athens economic situation was dependent much more upon trade. Athens came to be the foremost trading power of the Mediterranean by the fifth century BC.

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claim to reputation

Athens has found its name in Greek history for that is undying wisdom and concentration ~ above infrastructural advancement and Sparta because that its armed forces power.