Albrecht Durer was the very first Northern artist to be straight influenced through the first-hand contact with the Italian Renaissance. He was born in Nuremberg ~ above 21st may 1471, among at least fourteen children.

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His father was a goldsmith and his godfather to be a printer and publisher, the young artist learned the basics that drawing and also woodcutting native these 2 men.

He became proficient in painting, printmaking, engraving and also mathematics, he was additionally a theorist, a prolific writer top top perspective and the proportions of the human being body. He is concerned as the biggest artist the the northern Renaissance, a true all-rounder, the equal of the artistic giants indigenous Italy.

At the age that fifteen, he was apprenticed come Michel Wolgemut, the leading Nuremberg artist of his day. Wolgemut ran a large workshop producing countless works that art and woodcuts for books.

Durer travelled throughout west Germany finding out his trade from masters in Strasberg, Colmar and also Basel, perfecting his approaches in the German legacy of the times. ~ above 7th July 1494 in ~ the period of 23 and also on his go back to Nuremberg, that married Agnes Frey, a marriage arranged in his absence.

Nuremberg to be a prosperous and also independent city through close trade relationships through Italy. Between 1494 and also 1495 the artist make his very first trip to Venice complied with by a 2nd visit in 1505-1506. Follow to the artist’s letters the ageing and highly honoured Venetian artist, Giovanni Bellini, was complete of worship for the young man from Nuremberg.

that made watercolour sketches together he took trip over the Alps - and also what brilliant pictures they space -  these space the very first pure landscapes ever created in west Art.  

Durer, Self-Portrait
Alpine Landscape, c. 1495. Ashmolean Museum. Oxford. (s)

Personal Opinion:-

This self-portrait screens the arrogance and also confidence of one artist at the elevation of his powers. The God-like pose through the ideal hand elevated (as if in blessing) and also the ringlets of the hair constantly remind me of The Salvator Mundi painting the 1513, (attributed come Leonardo da Vinci). In 1500 the complete frontal pose was connected with photos of Christ, (portraits were usually in profile).

Perhaps Durer saw himself, no as the saviour the the world, but as the saviour and also creator that art!   

Durer"s Woodcuts and also Engravings.

Durer improved the printing approaches of the time and also expanded the subject matter that lock depicted. Instead of the tradition of making engravings come order he maintained stocks the his work selling many at home and also on his travels to the Netherlands and also beyond.

Woodcut, 1497, four Horsemen of the Apocalypse. Brother Museum, London. (s)
Woodcut, 1498, St Michael"s fight against the Dragon. Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe. (s)

The artist additionally produced countless famous engravings. His Adam and Eve that 1504 was created the year before his second trip come Italy, and also in numerous ways attempts come utilise few of Durer"s new Italian learning of harmony and beauty. The results are not completely convincing yet certainly, the artist to be proud enough of his work, he signed it through his full name in Latin.

("Albrecht Durer the Nuremberg make this sculpture in 1504"). He left because that Italy in 1505, he was famous, plenty of of his engravings to be being copied, even so, the artist was keen come absorb an ext from the arts of the Italians.

When the artist returned from Venice to Nuremberg in the feather of 1507 he had actually a new, more natural watch of the person form. This can be shown by to compare his oil paints of Adam and also Eve v his engraving of 1504.

Adam and Eve, Engraving, 1504, Allen art Museum. Ohio. (s)

The sculpture of 1504 do the efforts to existing idealised depictions that the human form. The figures of Adam and Eve are influenced by classic monuments, Eve, in particular, is very statuesque, her feet firmly collection on heavy ground.

Adam is based upon the attitude of the Apollo Belvedere, a marble sculpture from classical Antiquity. The artist has developed a masterpiece that required plenty of preparatory drawings and measurements. The cat and the mouse live next by next in harmony through the elk and cow in the Garden the Eden.

The garden disappears right into the dark background of the work enabling the clear overview of the numbers to display in comparison to the shade of the forest.   

The oil panels the 1507 display screen the influences of Italian art. They display Eve together a more complicated character, see exactly how she positively dances to take it the forbidden fruit native the serpent coiled ~ above the tree that knowledge

Adam screens an waiting of bewilderment, unsure of the results of the plot unfolding before him, he receives the apple and becomes a ready party to the an initial sin. 

It have to be remembered the these two works to be made utilizing two totally different techniques and any comparisons must take this right into account. 

The 3 engravings shown below complete a famous trinity that engravings by Durer, since of their superior technical features these threeprints are explained as the artist’s grasp Engravings.

Note the number of the Devil, (represented together a hairy goat), and also Death, that looms in the background stop an hourglass. The knight in complete armour rides with this menacing landscape. Resolute he to represent a Christianity the is superior to the hazards of the supernatural. The items on his equine is based on the equestrian statues of Renaissance Italy. 

It has been videotaped that Durer"s general character displayed an unhappy seriousness and also Melencolia 1 could show the artist, frustrated by his lack of inspiration, dejected and also bored by his slow-moving progress.

St Jerome symbolises spiritual contemplation as he functions inhis study translating the bibles from Greek and also Hebrew into Latin. The lionand the dog peacefully dozing contentedly include to the patience serenity the the scene.

The Artist and the organic World.

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These photos of the natural world are one more example the thepolymathic nature the this good northern Renaissance artist.