In bespeak to recognize the origin of the NorCal vs. SoCal gang conflict, one must understand the beginning of Latino gangs in California. Sureños 13, the key Southern California gang, formed as one outlet the the mexico Mafia (La "Eme" or The "M") in California. Because of Southern California"s nearby proximity to Mexico, southerly California gangs frequently had close ties to the mexico Mafia while north California gangs go not. In the so late 1960s and also the at an early stage 1970s, tensions ran high between those that were involved in La Eme and also those that weren"t in prisons— southerly Californians advert to north Californians together "lame farmers". A 1968 struggle at san Quentin jail solidified the conflict: southern Californians and Northern Californians were official enemies. Transparent the 70s and 80s, Delano, California was thought about the separating line in between Norteños and also Sureños territory. Today, Sureños can be discovered anywhere in California. Ironically, Norteños control the south end of the mountain Francisco Mission ar while Sureños control the north.

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Above is Delano, California, thought about the splitting line between Norteños and also Sureños territory. Appropriate is san Quentin prison, the website of the defining fight between Sureños and Norteños.

Norteños 14

Norteño Graffiti
Everything about Norteños 14 is created to directly oppose Sureños 13. They determined "Norteños" together their name (Northerners in English) to represent their pride in their northern California heritage and commitment to protect it. Norteños are very closely affiliated through Nuestra Familia, another Latino gang in northern California. N is the 14th letter that the alphabet thus the 14 in their name. Norteños an initial appeared in the late 1960s in retaliation to Sureños introduce to them together "lame farmers". Norteños was a means for north Californians to regain respect for themselves in prisons and also on the street and to protect against themselves native being associated with the mexican Mafia. They refer to Sureños as "scraps" if Sureños describe them as "busters". Because it"s formation, Norteños 14 was thought about to be a Chicano gang together the majority of mexican Americans in north California established themselves together Chicano at the time. Northern California is farther gotten rid of from Mexico, because of this the mexico American populace outnumbers the mexican population. Spanish plays much less of a role in Norteño society as plenty of Chicanos don"t speak Spanish, but "Calo", a slang language that mixes English, Spanish, and also African American slang is an extremely prominent. (above image: Norteños and also Nuestra Familia graffiti)Today, Norteños is thought about a Latino gang together Mexican americans no longer make up the majority of that members. Norteños deserve to be discovered in mountain Jose, mountain Francisco, Salinas, Sacramento, Stockton, etc. Over there is no far-ranging Norteño populace south the Delano/Bakersfield. The Norteños shade is red favor San Francisco 49ers uniforms. Plenty of Norteños insurance claim that the red also comes indigenous the Huelga Bird, or the symbol on the unified Farm Worker"s flag (the company lead through César Chavez and also Dolores Huerta). Some typical Norteño tattoos encompass X14, Norte, N, etc. Norteños have actually a huge presence in Chicano pop culture, as notorious Chicano rap group Darkroom Familia has actually admitted your ties come the Norteños and also Nuestra Familia.

Sureños 13

Sureño tags
Sureños 13 is just one of the many violent gangs in southern California with roughly 30,000 people involved in Sureño activities. Sureños is not solely Chicano or Latino, in fact countless of its members kind . Last may (May 2014) southern California law enforcement arrested upwards that 600 members suspected of gift a part of SUR 13"s complex network, and that didn"t even produce a dent in your network. The gang an initial emerged in 1968 together an American facet of the mexican mafia— it didn"t take on the hatchet "Sureño" until the 1970s as soon as prison riots in between Northern Californians and also Southern Californians exploded. One concept for the "13" in their surname is that M is the 13th letter in the alphabet, therefore the 13 can be a tribute come La Eme. Sureños originally began as a mexico American gang, meaning that countless of that members were second or 3rd generation mexican American. Plenty of take SUR to stand for, "Southern", "United", "Raza", through the ax "Raza" payment homage to the Chicano Movement. However, because of it"s close proximity to Mexico and involvement v La Eme, Spanish language is an ext important to Sureño culture, an interpretation it has tendency to tempt less Chicanos and more Mexicanos (people who think about themselves mexican temporarily living in the US and also don"t think about themselves influenced by pressure to assimilate into American culture).Today, Sureños 13 is taken into consideration a Latino gang, as increased immigration from main America has led come some blend of mexico American and main American cultures.Sureño dress revolves approximately Los Angeles sporting activities teams: members stay Dodgers gear, Clippers gear and also even Lakers gear, despite they space typically connected with put on the color blue and also grey. Members acquire tattoos in bespeak to show their allegiance come the gang. Common tattoos room SUR, X13, and also XIII to name a few. Additionally, the process to earn membership is long and arduous. One need to work to earn the title of "Sureño" or "Sureña" by transferring out jobs assigned come by greater ups in the gang.

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While there room no far-reaching Norteño contingencies south of Delano, Sureños host territory in san Francisco, Stockton, Salinas and San Jose. The "Upstate Sureños", the name they offer to themselves, were brought North through an increase in immigration in the 1990s. Because Sureños are much more closely tied to traditional Mexican culture, the gang often tends to attract an ext immigrants 보다 Chicanos. Numerous immigrants (though definitely not all), having no where else come turn, are swept up into street life and also thus become Upstate Sureños. According to David Madrid the the Silicon sink Debug, Norteño/Sureño predisposition is affecting youngsters even at the center school level. Madrid frequently teaches high danger students around Chicano background in mountain Jose in order come instill pride in your ancestry. While most kids love his talks, youngsters who determine as Upstate Sureños room confused: ~ above one hand, they want to it is in proud of your heritage, yet on the other hand, gift a Sureño has instilled in them hate of anything Norteño. While plenty of Sureños happen off the Chicano identity situation as a Norteño thing, Upstate Sureños challenge their internal dispute from a really young age. Therefore, in order come assuage tensions in between Norteños and Sureños, it"s important that young youngsters are given choices so that they aren"t compelled to turn to gang violence favor others about them. It"s crucial to keep in mind that one doesn"t necessarily have to be in a corridor in order come absorb corridor philosophy and also ideology.