A camel feeds she calf.(Image credit: an innovative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported | Garrondo)
Camels room mammals with lengthy legs, a big-lipped snout and also a humped back. There are two varieties of camels: dromedary camels, which have one hump, and Bactrian camels, which have actually two humps. Camels\" humps consist of of save on computer fat, i beg your pardon they deserve to metabolize as soon as food and also water is scarce.

You are watching: Why do camels have long legs


In enhancement to your humps, camels have actually other methods to it is adapted to their environment. They have a third, clear eyelid that protects your eyes native blowing sand. Two rows of long lashes also protect your eyes. Sand up the nose deserve to be a problem, but not because that camels. They deserve to shut your nostrils throughout sand storms.

Humans have used camels together a means of deliver for thousands of years. They deserve to carry about 375 come 600 lbs. (170 to 270 kilograms) on their backs, follow to nationwide Geographic. This earned this beasts of load a nickname, \"ships the the desert.\" domestic camels are frequently the main source of meat, milk and also even leather or structure products.


Size

Most camels tower above humans. A Bactrian camel, according to the san Diego Zoo, grow to a shoulder height of 6 feet (1.8 meters) and also a body length of 10 feet (3 m). They usually weigh 1,320 come 2,200 lbs. (600 to 1,000 kg) once they are fully grown.


Dromedary camels acquire up to around 6.5 feet (2 m) high at the shoulder and weigh 880 come 1,325 lbs. (400 to 600 kg).



(Image credit: alersandr hunta/Shutterstock.com)

Diet

Camels aren\"t picky about what castle eat. Your thick lips enable them come eat things that many other animals couldn\"t, such together thorny plants. Camels room herbivores, though, so girlfriend won\"t find them eat meat.

Filling up on water, when it\"s available, is really important for camels. They deserve to drink 30 gallons (113 liters) that water in simply 13 minutes. Your bodies rehydrate faster than any other mammal.

When over there is tiny food and also water, the camel\"s hump fat releases water; 9.3 grams of fat release 1.13 grams that water, follow to study by the college of Singapore.


Habitat

The two types of camel are discovered in various parts that the world. The dromedary camel, likewise called an Arabian camel, can be found in phibìc Africa and also the middle East. The Bactrian camel resides in main Asia. No matter the type, camels are usually uncovered in the desert, prairie or steppe. Though many human being think the camels just live in hot climates, they do well in temperature varieties from 20 levels F (minus 29 degrees C) come 120 degrees F (49 degrees C).

Habits

Camels choose to stay together in groups dubbed herds. The herds are led through a leading male, while plenty of of the other males kind their own herd referred to as a bachelor herd. Camels are an extremely social and also like come greet each various other by blow in each other\"s faces.

Offspring

After a gestation that 12 to 14 months, a mother camel will find a exclusive spot to have her young. Mrs camels usually only have one baby, yet sometimes camels have twins.

Baby camels are dubbed calves. The child calf is able to walk in ~ 30 minutes, despite the two won\"t rejoin the herd until about two weeks later. Camels become totally mature once they room 7 years old. Camels live roughly 17 years.

Classification/ Taxonomy

Dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) and also the domestic Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) were named in 1758 by swedish zoologist Carl Linnaeus, who just knew that the domestic variety. Wild Bactrian camels (Camelus ferus) were discovered in 1878 through Nikolai Prejevalsky, a Russian geographer that explored Mongolia and Tibet.

For countless years, the wild Bactrian was believed to be a subspecies that the residential Bactrian. However, in recent years, DNA analysis confirmed that C. Ferus was a separate species, follow to the mountain Diego Zoo. The main difference between the two types is that the wild Bactrian has three more chromosome pairs 보다 the residential Bactrian.

Here is the category of camels, according to incorporated Taxonomic details System:

Kingdom: Animalia Subkingdom: Bilateria Infrakingdom: Deuterostomia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Infraphylum: Gnathostomata Superclass: Tetrapoda Class: Mammalia Subclass: Theria Infraclass: Eutheria Order: Artiodactyla Family: Camelidae Genus: Camelus Species:

Camelus bactrianus (Bactrian camel)Camelus dromedarius (one-humped camel)

Subspecies:

Camelus bactrianus bactrianusCamelus bactrianus ferus (wild Bactrian camel)

conservation status



Camelus dromedarius in ~ the Singapore Zoo (Image credit: Wikimedia Commons user Daderot)

The wild Bactrian camel is thought about critically intimidated by the international Union for Conservation that Nature and has a population that is decreasing. In fact, wild camels are among the most endangered huge mammals. According to the Wild Camel protection Foundation, there room fewer 보다 1,000 wild camels alive.

other facts

Camels have the right to run in ~ 25 mph (40 kph) for long periods. If your owner is in a hurry, they have the right to kick their rate up come 40 mph (67 kph).

The camel\"s hump is favor a storage container. As soon as camels use their save fat, their hump will diminish. Once they eat and also drink again the hump will refill v fat.

Camels have oval-shaped red blood cells that aid continue blood flow during times once water is scarce.

Camels are well-known for spitting ~ above people. In fact, the animals are throwing increase the materials of their stomach together with spit. This is a defense tactic once the animals feel threatened.

The huge beasts do a selection of moans, groans and also deep, throaty bellows. One of the camel\"s noises was even used to voice the personality Chewbacca in the Star battles movies.

See more: The Black Cat By Edgar Allan Poe Questions And Answers, Short Answer Study Questions

Additional Resources



Alina Bradford is a contributing writer for Live Science. End the past 16 years, Alina has covered every little thing from Ebola come androids while composing health, science and tech write-ups for major publications. She has actually multiple health, safety and also lifesaving certifications from Oklahoma State University. Alina\"s score in life is to shot as numerous experiences together possible. Come date, she has been a volunteer firefighter, a dispatcher, instead of teacher, artist, janitor, children\"s book author, pizza maker, occasion coordinator and much more.