Also known as Atlantic or Celtic rainforest, this distinct habitat is very rare. In fact, it"s thought to be more threatened 보다 tropical rainforest. Its lush conditions are perfect because that scarce plants, lichens and fungi, and also a variety of unusual animals.

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The richness of lichens in these parts of the UK is partly because the west extremities have actually been least impacted by air pollution historically. Tree lungwort would when have arisen all throughout western Europe.


Temperate rainforest wildlife

Rainforests are among the many biodiverse habitats in the UK. The high humidity and also low temperature selection create the perfect problems for moisture-loving lichens and bryophytes (mosses and also liverworts).

A great example of this habitat can contain end 200 different species of bryophytes and also 100-200 varieties of lichen. The UK has an worldwide responsibility to protect countless of these species due to their scarce global distribution.


Temperate rainforests are particularly great for Lobarion and Graphidion lichens. Most likely the most recognisable is tree lungwort (Lobaria pulmonaria) which is a large, leafy lichen. The literally looks like the lungs of the forest. Climate there"s the rare ‘blackberries-in-custard’ lichen (Pyrenula hibernica, pictured), a ‘crustose’ lichen which presses tight to the smooth bark that trees favor hazel, and also characteristically splits the bark.


A variety of rare and threatened types of fungi speak to temperate rainforest home. Some room not just rare in the UK, yet are likewise globally scarce. Hazel gloves fungus (Hypocreopsis rhododendri) is a preservation priority types that practically exclusively grows on old hazel trees. It"s a sure authorize of clean air and also a wood"s ancient origins.


Migrant bird such as pied flycatcher, timber warbler, redstart and tree pipit flourish in the insect-rich problems temperate rainforests offer, flying right here to breed every summer. In the UK, the rarely chequered skipper butterfly is additionally only found in the mild, damp and also grassy habitats in ~ the woodland edges of rainforest in west Scotland.


Threats to temperate rainforest

The rainforest was once a well-used resource, offering timber, charcoal and tannin for tanning leather. However our rainforest is threatened. It has suffered lengthy term declines through clearances, chronic overgrazing, and conversion to other uses. This has left a small and fragmentised resource.

The major threats proceeding to influence our rainforests are:

invasive specieshigh levels of grazing, primarily from deeruncertainty over exactly how rural areas and also woods in details will be sustained in the future.

Rhododendron (specifically Rhododendron ponticum and also associated hybrids) has been called ‘the most damaging and also most widespread non-native terrestrial tree in Britain’. Introduced to the UK around 1760, the an aggressive coloniser the reduces the biodiversity worth of a site. The obstructs the rebirth of woodlands and once established, it’s challenging and i have lot of money to eradicate.

The little and fragmented nature of our rainforest also reduces the resilience versus other threats, such as pests, diseases and also climate change.


saving Scotland"s rainforest

We"re working to for sure Scotland’s rainforests thrive once again. As part of the Alliance because that Scotland’s Rainforest, we"re top top a mission to protect and enhance this globally necessary habitat for the special wildlife that counts upon it.

uncover how we're making a difference

How you can help

It’s not also late to turning back the decrease and save our rainforest. Pay a visit, absorb the atmosphere and assist raise awareness of these one-of-a-kind places and the require to defend them.

You have the right to also assist our work to reclaim amazing sites favor Ausewell. Happen woods prefer this ago to their former glory is an substantial task. Every donation is vital if we"re come realise the wood"s complete potential.


Ausewell lumber appeal

Help carry this historic and also wonderful site back to life to attain its full potential.

Learn much more and donate

*Maphobbyist, warm rainforest map, CC BY-SA 3.0


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The Woodland trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. 294344) and also in Scotland (No. SC038885). A non-profit-making company minimal by guarantee. Registered in England No. 1982873.

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Woodland to trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. 2296645), is a wholly own subsidiary the the backwoods Trust. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL.