Most barisalcity.orgs are aware that divine Thursday commemorates Jesus’ critical Supper together the very first Mass. But what some miss is that holy Thursday likewise celebrates Jesus’ institution of the ministerial priesthood.

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What’s amazing is that as soon as you read the last Supper narratives in the synoptic Gospels girlfriend don’t find Jesus ordaining the apostles. You left wondering, “Where does the Church get off thinking that Jesus make the apostles clergymans at the last Supper?”

The answer, follow to the council of Trent, lies in Jesus’ command, “Do this in remembrance of me” (Luke 22:19). The the supervisory board fathers declare:

If anyone shall say the by the indigenous ‘Do this in commemoration the me’ Christ did not institute the apostle priests, or did no ordain the they and also other priests need to offer his body and also blood: let him be anathema (Council the Trent, session 22, ch. 1).

There space two other reasons why we have the right to conclude the Jesus plan his apostles to it is in priests, i m sorry admittedly space not as conclusive together the first. Castle are: (1) Jesus washes the apostles’ feet (John 13:5) and also (2) Jesus speaks of the apostles taking “part” in him with the routine washing (John 13:8).

How perform these actions expose that Jesus expected for the apostles to be his brand-new Covenant ministerial priests? Let’s take it a look.

Offer this in remembrance of me”

As stated above, the Church look at in the command “Do this in remembrance that me” proof that Jesus instituted the apostles together his ministerial priests. Yet what is it around the command that invites together an interpretation?

Every college student of the scriptures knows that providing sacrifice is a duty the belongs to priests (see Leviticus 9:7, 14:12; Hebrews 8:3). For this reason if it might be presented that Jesus is commanding the apostles to offer the last Supper together a sacrifice once he claims “Do this in remembrance the me,” climate the Church’s place would it is in justified.

Can such a feat be accomplished? i think it can.

Consider the an initial clue, Jesus’ command come “Do this.” The Greek verb because that “do,” poieo, deserve to be literally translated as “offer” in the feeling of giving a sacrifice.

For example, in Exodus 29:36-41 that the Septuagint (the Greek translation of the Old Testament used by Jesus and also the apostles) poieo is used five times in recommendation to Moses offering sacrifice as part of the routine for ordaining Aaron and his sons together priests:

“Every day you shall sell poieseis> a bull together a sin providing for atonement” (v. 36).“Now this is what friend shall offer poieseis> ~ above the altar: 2 lambs a year old day by day continually” (v. 38).“One lamb you shall market poieseis> in the morning, and the other lamb girlfriend shall market in the evening” (v. 39).“And the various other lamb friend shall sell poieseis> in the evening, and also shall offer poieseis> with it a cereal offering and also its libation, as in the morning, for a pleasing odor, an giving by fire come the Lord” (v. 41).

The usage of poieo in Leviticus 9:7 makes it clear the Moses moved this priestly duty to Aaron and his sons. The passage reads: 

Then Moses stated to Aaron, ‘Draw near to the altar, and offer poieson> your sin offering and your burnt offering, and make atonement because that yourself and for the people; and also bring the giving of the people, and also make atonement because that them; as the Lord has actually commanded.

In irradiate of this Old testimony use that poieo (offer), that reasonable come conclude the Jesus to be commanding his apostles to sell the critical Supper as a sacrifice. And since offering sacrifice is a priestly function, it adheres to that Jesus instituted his apostles as his brand-new Testament ministerial priests.

The sacrificial overtones the anamnesis

This conclusion we’re drawing from the usage of poieo is additional supported through the use of words “remembrance,” which translates the Greek native anamnesis. Anamnesis has sacrificial an interpretation in both the Old and brand-new Testaments.

For example, in numbers 10:10 that the Septuagint the sacrifices of peace offerings are claimed to “serve you for remembrance anamnesis> before your God.” Anamnesis is likewise used in Hebrews 10:3 in reference to the Old testament sacrifices that offer as a “reminder” year after ~ year.

Given that anamnesis is a indigenous loaded through sacrificial meaning, and it is provided to describe what the apostles room to do, our translate that Jesus commanded the apostles to offer the critical Supper as a sacrifice has contextual support.

Stinky feet or priestly ordination?

The second detail that could serve together a justification for the claim that Jesus do the apostles priests at the last Supper is the washing that the apostles’ feet (John 13:4-5).

In the Old testament the ritual washing the Aaron and his sons played a prominent function in your ordination ceremonies. Because that example, God provides Moses the adhering to instructions:

“Then you shall lug Aaron and his sons to the door of the tent of meeting, and also shall wash them v water, and also put top top Aaron the divine garments, and you candlestick anoint him and consecrate him, the he might serve me together priest” (Exod. 40:12-13).

This passage describes a general washing, yet verses 30-32 the the very same chapter specifically refer to washing Aaron and his sons’ feet on the job of their consecration to the priesthood: 

And he collection the laver in between the tent of meeting and the altar, and put water in it because that washing, with which Moses and also Aaron and also his sons washed your hands and their feet; as soon as they entered the time of meeting, and also when lock approached the altar, they washed; together the mr commanded Moses (emphasis added).

Leviticus 8:7 defines how Moses carries out these washings before he dresses Aaron and his sons v priestly garments.

With this elevator knowledge, one can’t assist but wonder if over there is something an ext to Jesus’ washing than giving the apostles an example of humble organization (washing feet was generally a duty reserved to family members slaves). Maybe they room meant to humbly offer as priests? It seems reasonable.

Priestly portions

There is one much more detail in John’s stare that can suggest Jesus experienced his apostles as priests. In an answer to Peter’s refuse to have his feet washed, Jesus answers, “If I execute not wash you, you have no part in me” (John 13:8).

The Greek word for “part,” meros, echoes the “portion” that Old Testament priests were to have actually in God and God alone:

And the Lord stated to Aaron, “You shall have no inheritance in your land, neither shall you have any section meris> among them; ns am your section meris> and your inheritance among the human being of Israel” (Num. 18:20).Therefore Levi has no section meris> or inheritance v his brothers; the lord is his inheritance, together the Lord her God stated to him (Deut. 10:9).

It’s possible that Jesus speak “You have actually no part in me” signals the apostles’ priestly status, having a unique share in Jesus as Aaron and also the Levites had a distinctive share in God. (This would likewise seem to suggest to Jesus’ divinity as well).


When John and Luke’s last Supper narratives are taken together, we have a full of 3 details that support the conclusion the Jesus made the apostle his brand-new Covenant ministerial priests:

Jesus commands the apostle to “do this in remembrance of me,” which says they are to market the last Supper as a sacrifice.Jesus washes your feet.The apostle are claimed to take part in Jesus with the ritual washing.

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Did Jesus make the apostles clergymans at the critical Supper? i think these exegetical points provide us adequate reason to answer yes.