The Renaissance to be a fervent duration of europe cultural, artistic, political and also economic “rebirth” following the center Ages. Generally explained as following from the 14th century come the 17th century, the Renaissance promoted the rediscovery of classical philosophy, literature and art. Few of the best thinkers, authors, statesmen, scientists and artists in person thrived during this era, while an international exploration opened up brand-new lands and cultures to europe commerce. The Renaissance is credited with bridging the gap between the center Ages and modern-day civilization.

From Darkness to Light: The Renaissance begins

During the center Ages, a duration that take it place between the loss of old Rome in 476 A.D. And the beginning of the 14th century, europe made couple of advances in science and also art.

You are watching: What were the ideals of the renaissance and how did

Also known as the “Dark Ages,” the era is often branded together a time that war, ignorance, famine and also pandemics such as the black Death.

Some historians, however, believe that such grim depictions of the Middle eras were considerably exaggerated, though countless agree that there was fairly little to the for old Greek and also Roman philosophies and learning at the time.

READ MORE: 6 factors the Dark ages Weren't for this reason Dark


During the 14th century, a cultural movement referred to as humanism started to get momentum in Italy. Amongst its plenty of principles, humanism supported the idea that guy was the facility of his own universe, and people should embrace human accomplishments in education, timeless arts, literature and also science.

In 1450, the innovation of the Gutenberg print press allowed for improved communication throughout Europe and for principles to spread more quickly.

As a an outcome of this advancement in communication, little-known texts from early humanist authors such together those by Francesco Petrarch and Giovanni Boccaccio, which advocated the rebirth of traditional Greek and also Roman society and values, were printed and distributed to the masses.

Additionally, many scholars believe advances in global finance and trade impacted society in Europe and collection the stage for the Renaissance.

Medici household

The Renaissance began in Florence, Italy, a location with a rich social where wealthy citizens could afford to assistance budding artists.

Members the the powerful Medici family, which rule Florence for an ext than 60 years, were well known backers that the movement.

Great Italian writers, artists, politicians and others asserted that they were participating in one intellectual and also artistic change that would be much different from what castle experienced during the Dark Ages.

The movement an initial expanded to other Italian city-states, such as Venice, Milan, Bologna, Ferrara and Rome. Then, throughout the 15th century, Renaissance ideas spread indigenous Italy to France and then throughout western and also northern Europe.

Although other European nations experienced your Renaissance later on than Italy, the impacts were tho revolutionary.

Renaissance Geniuses

Some that the many famous and groundbreaking Renaissance intellectuals, artists, scientists and also writers encompass the likes of:

Giotto (1266-1337): Italian painter and also architect whose much more realistic depictions of human being emotions affected generations that artists. Finest known because that his frescoes in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua.

William Tyndale (1494–1536): English biblical translator, humanist and scholar burned at the stake for translating the holy bible into English.

William Byrd (1539/40–1623): English composer recognized for his advancement of the English madrigal and also his spiritual organ music.

Renaissance Art, Architecture and also Science

Art, architecture and also science were carefully linked throughout the Renaissance. In fact, it was a distinctive time when these areas of study fused with each other seamlessly.

For instance, artists favor da Vinci integrated scientific principles, such as anatomy into their work, therefore they can recreate the human body through extraordinary precision.

Architects such as Filippo Brunelleschi studied mathematics to correctly engineer and also design immense buildings with expansive domes.

Scientific discoveries led to significant shifts in thinking: Galileo and Descartes presented a new view of astrology and also mathematics, while Copernicus proposed that the Sun, no the Earth, was the center of the solar system.

Renaissance art was defined by realism and naturalism. Artist strived come depict people and also objects in a true-to-life way.

Recommended for you


George Steinbrenner's team buys Yankees native CBS


'Games that the Century': 7 of college Football's many Epic Clashes


5 Miraculous NFL Touchdown Passes

They supplied techniques, such together perspective, shadows and also light to add depth to your work. Feeling was an additional quality that artists tried come infuse right into their pieces.

Some of the many famous artistic works the were created during the Renaissance include:

The Mona Lisa (Da Vinci)The critical Supper (Da Vinci)Statue the David (Michelangelo)The bear of Venus (Botticelli)The creation of Adam (Michelangelo)

Renaissance expedition

While plenty of artists and also thinkers supplied their talent to express new ideas, some Europeans required to the seas come learn more about the world about them. In a period known as the period of Discovery, several essential explorations to be made.

Voyagers launched expeditions to take trip the whole globe. Castle discovered new shipping paths to the Americas, India and the far East and also explorers trekked throughout areas the weren’t completely mapped.

Famous journeys were taken by Ferdinand Magellan, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci (after who America is named), Marco Polo, Ponce de Leon, Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Hernando De Soto and other explorers.

READ MORE: The period of Exploration

Renaissance religion

Humanism urged Europeans to concern the role of the roman inn Catholic church during the Renaissance.

As more people learned how to read, write and also interpret ideas, they started to carefully examine and critique religious beliefs as lock knew it. Also, the print press permitted for texts, including the Bible, to be conveniently reproduced and also widely review by the people, themselves, for the very first time.

In the 16th century, martin Luther, a German monk, led the Protestant reformation – a revolutionary activity that brought about a break-up in the Catholic church. Luther questioned numerous of the techniques of the church and whether lock aligned v the teachings that the Bible.

As a result, a new type of Christianity, known as Protestantism, to be created.

End the the Renaissance

Scholars believe the demise of the Renaissance to be the result of number of compounding factors.

See more: Who Sings Wow Wow Wubbzy Theme Song ? Wow! Wow! Wubbzy!

By the end of the 15th century, countless wars had actually plagued the Italian peninsula. Spanish, French and also German invaders battling for Italian territories brought about disruption and instability in the region.