In this lesson, students will analyze primary source images of indigenous Americans connecting with the environment. The images display different elements of how Native americans dressed, hunted, and lived.

Historical Background

The kinds of food the native Americans ate, the clothes they wore, and the shelters they had relied on the seasons. Their foods adjusted with the seasons. In winter, they pursued birds and animals and also lived on stored foods items from the ahead fall. In spring, lock hunted, fished and also picked berries. In summer, lock grew plants (beans, corn, and also squash). In fall, they harvested crops and hunted for foods to preserve and keep because that the winter.

The native Americans used natural resources in every element of your lives. They used animal skins (deerskin) as clothing. Sanctuary was do from the material approximately them (saplings, leaves, small branches, pet fur). Native peoples of the previous farmed, hunted, and also fished. Lock used natural resources such as rock, twine, bark, and oyster covering to farm, hunt, and also fish.

Hunting/Fishing/Farming:Indian men had the primary jobs of fishing and hunting. Each winter men from different tribes would join together for hunting expeditions. Deer meat, or venison, served as a supplement to the mostly agricultural diet. The Indians supplied other parts of the deer such together skin because that clothing and also bones because that tools. The men also protected their village.

The Powhatan ind were mostly farmers planting fields that average one hundred acres in size. The females were responsible for functioning the fields and did for this reason using miscellaneous tools do from such materials as deer antlers. They prospered corn, squash, pumpkins, beans and sunflowers. They additionally gathered wild foods items from the land approximately them such together nuts, berries and also roots. The females were responsible for making meals of these foods. Corn (maize) to be the clip crop, and also from it women developed such foods items as corn cakes and also hominy.

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Homes:Since the powhatan were farmers, castle did not move about like indians of the western plains who had actually to monitor the herds that buffalo. Together a result, they constructed semi-permanent dwellings that were framed through saplings and also covered v woven reeds or bark. Created by the women, these “yehakin” provided good protection from all the extremes of weather, periodically for as numerous as 16 to twenty members of an extensive family. The fire in the center of the lodge was retained burning at every times which retained the residence warm and also dry.

Clothing:Each tribe had actually a chef or “werowance” who ruled over the tribe. Every the lack chiefs were topic to Powhatan. They supported him in war and paid an pin money to the from your tribe. Status was figured out by achievement, often in warfare, and also by the inheritance the luxury items like copper, covering beads and furs. Those of greater status had actually larger homes, much more wives and also elaborate dress.

Lesson Objective

VS.2e The college student will show knowledge the the physics geography and native peoples, past and also present, of Virginia through describing exactly how American Indians concerned the climate and also their environment to secure food, clothing, and also shelter.

Materials

Procedure

Begin through a Hook/Preview by discussing herbal resources and how we use them in our lives. Ask college student to begin by reviewing what they have previously learned around natural resources. Discuss the an interpretation and different natural sources that they usage in their lives and make a link from our natural resources, come what natural resources native Americans may have actually used many, numerous years ago. Pre-make and also hand the end the primary resource flipbooks. To make the flip books, use a big piece of building and construction paper, urgent long-ways. Reduced three slits top top the optimal flap and also glue the primary source images ~ above the 4 squares. Next, dough the questions on the flap behind every image. Questions include: What execute you see? What herbal resource(s) is it made of? What is that is use? can it be provided all year long? every flapbook should incorporate four images, girlfriend may permit students to choose from a set of 5 or 6 primary source images or select four images to assign. College student will job-related in partner to price questions about the natural resources viewed in your primary resource pictures. Ask students come share with their table partner to examine answers. As a class, comment on students’ answers making use of the ActivStudio flipchart. Walk over each photo, answer the inquiries together, and also discuss exactly how the resource was adapted through the seasons. Present a brief (four minute) YouTube video clip on the Powhatan usage of herbal resources. The students will certainly then perform a word/picture splash assessment.

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Assessment

The students will produce a word/picture splash in stimulate to screen what they have learned about the aboriginal American use of herbal resources. Their rubric will be based on the design, spelling, # the pictures, and also # of brand-new vocabulary terms used in your project.

References

“A Powhatan man Ready come Hunt.” Image. Indigenous The national Park Service: historical Jamestowne. Http://nps.gov/jame/historyculture/the-powhatan-indian-world.htm (accessed November 4, 2011).

De Bry, Theodor. “Their way of make Boats.” Engraving. In “Powhatan Indian period Images,” Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation. Http://historyisfun.org/Powhatan-Indian-World.htm (accessed November 4, 2011).

“Bow and Arrow.” Image. Alabama Archaeology: prehistoric Alabama. Http://bama.ua.edu/~alaarch/prehistoricalabama/woodland.htm (accessed November 4, 2011).

“Powhatan Indian Village.” Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation. Http://historyisfun.org/Powhatan-Village.htm (accessed November 8, 2011).

Image ID: 2245.257. Photograph. Indian individuals of the Northern good Plains – Online picture Database. Http://www.lib.montana.edu/digital/nadb/ (accessed November 9, 2011).