Main distinction – Thiamine Mononitrate vs Thiamine Hydrochloride

Thiamine mononitrate and thiamine hydrochloride are compounds make by including different groups to thiamine. Thiamine is vitamin B1. Therefore, Thiamine mononitrate and thiamine hydrochloride are derivatives that vitamin B1. Castle have different molar masses and other physical properties depending on their chemistry structures. The main difference in between thiamine mononitrate and also thiamine hydrochloride is the thiamine mononitrate is non-hygroscopic conversely, thiamine hydrochloride is hygroscopic.

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Key locations Covered

1. What is Thiamine Mononitrate – Definition, Properties, and also Uses 2. What is Thiamine Hydrochloride – Definition, Properties, and also Uses 3. What is the Difference in between Thiamine Mononitrate and also Thiamine Hydrochloride – compare of key Differences

Key Terms: Decomposition, Hygroscopic, Thiamine, Thiamine Hydrochloride, Thiamine Mononitrate, Vitamin B1

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What is Thiamine Mononitrate

Thiamine mononitrate is a man-made stable nitrate salt form of vitamin B1. Thiamine mononitrate is likewise known as vitamin B1 nitrate and also has the molecule formula C12H17N5O4S. The molar massive of this link is around 327.36 g/mol. The IUPAC surname of this link is 3-<(4-amino-2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)methyl>-5-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium nitrate.


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Figure 1: Chemical framework of Thiamine Mononitrate


Thiamine mononitrate is prepared from thiamine hydrochloride. That is excellent by remove chloride ion and mixing v nitric acid. Then, a nitrate ion combines through the thiamine molecule. Therefore, thiamine mononitrate is synthetic. The can cause mild to major allergies once consumed by humans. This is mainly because there are an ext impurities in fabricated vitamins than in organic ones.

However, low levels the thiamine mononitrate space unlikely come cause any kind of severe kidney problems. However the nitrate groups that are existing in thiamine mononitrate molecules might accumulate in the kidneys and also induce kidney stones by forming insoluble nitrate compounds.

Thiamine mononitrate is provided for the preparation of multivitamin formulations and also as a food additive. It is offered as a food additive since it is much more stable and the water absorptivity is low (non-hygroscopic). The is safe to be supplied as a food additive or in multivitamin formulations due to the fact that once that is dissolved in water, the nitrate ion is removed and also only the thiamine can be absorbed.


What is Thiamine Hydrochloride

Thiamine hydrochloride is Vitamin B1 hydrochloride which has actually the chemical formula HC12H17ON4SCl2. The molar massive of this link is around 337.263 g/mol. The IUPAC name offered for thiamine hydrochloride is 3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2- hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium chloride.

Thiamine hydrochloride is the hydrochloride form of thiamine. That is a salt written of a cation and also an anion. Anion is the chloride ion. This link is obtainable as crystals and has a slim odor. That is dissolve in water and forms a clear colorless aqueous solution.

When this link is heated, it decomposes emitting toxic gases such together nitric oxide, sulfur oxide, etc. The decomposition temperature is approximately 250 °C. Thiamine hydrochloride is hygroscopic. This means it deserve to absorb water as soon as it is retained exposed come the environment.

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This compound is vital compound for aerobic metabolism, cabinet growth, acetylcholine synthesis and also many other features in ours body.

Difference in between Thiamine Mononitrate and Thiamine Hydrochloride

Definition

Thiamine Mononitrate: Thiamine mononitrate is a man-made stable nitrate salt kind of vitamin B1.

Thiamine Hydrochloride: Thiamine hydrochloride is Vitamin B1 hydrochloride.

Chemical Formula

Thiamine Mononitrate: The chemical formula the thiamine mononitrate is C12H17N5O4S.

Thiamine Hydrochloride: The chemistry formula of thiamine hydrochloride is HC12H17ON4SCl2.

Molar Mass

Thiamine Mononitrate: The molar fixed of thiamine mononitrate is about 327.36 g/mol.

Thiamine Hydrochloride: The molar fixed of thiamine hydrochloride is about 337.263 g/mol.

Hygroscopy

Thiamine Mononitrate: Thiamine mononitrate is non-hygroscopic.

Thiamine Hydrochloride: Thiamine hydrochloride is hygroscopic.

Anion

Thiamine Mononitrate: The anion current in thiamine mononitrate is nitrate ion.

Thiamine Hydrochloride: The anion current in thiamine hydrochloride is chloride ion.

Stability

Thiamine Mononitrate: Thiamine mononitrate is much more stable.

Thiamine Hydrochloride: Thiamine hydrochloride is less stable.

Conclusion

Thiamine is Vitamin B1. Thiamine mononitrate and thiamine hydrochloride are derivatives of thiamine. Lock are fabricated vitamins. Thiamine mononitrate is provided as a food additive and as one additive for the ready of multivitamin formulations as well. Return they room derivatives that the same compound, they have distinctions in your properties relying on the chemical framework of compounds. The key difference between thiamine mononitrate and also thiamine hydrochloride is the thiamine mononitrate is non-hygroscopic whereas thiamine hydrochloride is hygroscopic.

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References:

1. “Thiamine nitrate.” National facility for Biotechnology Information. PubChem link Database, U.S. National Library the Medicine, easily accessible here. 2. Thatcher, Elizabeth. “The Side results of Thiamine Mononitrate.” LIVESTRONG.COM, sheet Group, 14 Aug. 2017, accessible here. 3. “THIAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE.” National center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem compound Database, U.S. Nationwide Library the Medicine, easily accessible here.