St Catherine Jamaica is the island"s second largest parish v an area of about 1,192 square km.

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It is bordered by the parishes of St. Andrew, St. Mary, St. Ann and Manchester.The funding of St. Catherine is Spanish Town, originally recognized as mountain Jago de la Vega or Santiago de la Vega. This to be Jamaica"s FIRST capital. The parish is located in the Middlesex County.St. Catherine"s populace in 2008 to be registered as 615,650 residents.

There room some renowned towns found in this parish that are mentionable. These towns space Portmore, Old Harbour, Ewarton and Linstead. There room much much more towns in the parish however these room the more popular ones.

A Brief background on St Catherine Jamaica


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When the an initial Spanish homesteaders arrived in 1510 to establish “Sevilla Nueva” (New Seville) in St. Ann as the capital of Jamaica, the area was uncovered to be swampy and unhealthy. A search party was formed to discover a more suitable area for settlement and also in time, the new capital “Santiago (or St. Jago) de la Vega to be established and in 1534, the parish of St. Catherine to be formed. The parish was named for Queen Catherine that Portugal, mam to Charles II that England.After dominating the Spanish in 1655, the British change the name Santiago de la Vega “Spanish Town”. It ongoing as the capital and eventually the residence for the British governor of the island. The an initial King’s residence (the main residence the the Governor) was likewise built there. Countless distinguished visitors were welcomed, including Admiral Rodney, Horatio Nelson and also William Bligh (who lugged several plants consisting of the very first breadfruit tree to the island). The city gradually came to be the island’s governmental centre -housing the Parish Council, the residence of Assembly and also the supreme Court.After the Morant only Rebellion that 1865, governor Sir man Peter give ordered the removal of the capital to Kingston which, v its spectacular harbour and major trade links had involved be considered “the natural capital of the island”. The formal transport of the resources was effected in 1872. In 1867, when the number of parishes was diminished from twenty-two come fourteen, the limits of St Catherine Jamaica were increased to combine the former parishes that St. Dorothy, St. John and St. Thomas-in-the-Vale.Once mostly rural, St Catherine Jamaica now includes the fastest cultivation urban areas in Jamaica, v the recent advancement of residential neighborhoods in the Hellshire Hills attached to both Kingston and also Spanish Town. The new development of greater Portmore prospered from 5,100 in 1970 to 93,799 in 1991 and also in Spanish Town, throughout the very same period, the populace of Spanish Town enhanced from 39,204 to 110,379.

St Catherine Jamaica"s Monuments and also Historic Buildings

Ferry InnEstablished top top April 17, 1684, it ended up being the most crucial posting residence in the island and was an extremely popular with the wealthy. The Inn is still supplied as a ar for refreshment and also recreation with avenues for rafting top top the Ferry River.Passage FortFirst known as “The Passage” (the suggest of Spanish embarkation native St. Jago de la Vega – Spanish Town), this ft was used by Captain wilhelm Jackson and Sir Anthony Shirley, englishmen from Barbados and also St. Kitts respectively, who landed below in 1642 and went on come plunder Spanish Town.Another significant historical event connected with this ft was the 1655 landing of Admiral Penn and General Venables. Having failed to record Haiti (Santo Domingo), the English expedition involved Jamaica, attack Passage fort with some 36 ships, troops numbering 7,000 and a sizable regiment. After ~ the early advance, the Spaniards deserted the fort, fleeing from the proceeding English invaders. A couple of days later, the Spaniards surrendered, relinquishing your 161 year host on the island.Port HendersonNamed ~ Colonel man Henderson of the 18th century brothers militia, this fishing village once had actually a wellness resort near its mineral spring. That is component of a broader area now known as the “Hellshire (Healthshire) Hills”. Port Henderson was constructed as a rival to i Fort, and is claimed to have provided better accommodation because that ships. Close to the finish of the 19th century, a momentary Marine/Zoology activities was operated below by students of the man Hopkins university (Baltimore, Maryland).Port Henderson is the site of several historic buildings which have been revived and preserved as national monuments consisting of “Rodney’s Lookout” one old signaling station on the west of harbor Henderson, called after Admiral George Rodney who was once commander-in-chief that the Jamaican navy station. Over there are also a number of Taino sites.

Meet "The SQUARE"

Jamaica"s emancipation Square deserve to be found in Spanish Town and it is the only Georgian square in Jamaica. It is the residence of some good tourist sites and also important places. Right here are some of the places uncovered in "the square" of St Catherine Jamaica.

1. The Old king’s HouseHome to the Governors that Jamaica for part 100 years, king House, top top the west of the square, occasionally housed the council Chamber, and also welcomed plenty of distinguished visitors in its day. Scorched down in 1925, old king House has actually been partially revived and is currently the residence of the ‘Folk Museum’ i beg your pardon was created in 1961.


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2. The Rodney MemorialLocated at the northern side that the Spanish city Square, this memorial consists of a statue, do by john Bacon, of the renowned British Admiral, lord Rodney. It commemorates his win over the French at the “Battle the the Saints” on April 12, 1782, turn off the coast of Jamaica.


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3. The Old home of AssemblyOpposite the Old King’s residence is the red-brick building which was the home of Assembly until 1872 once Jamaica’s resources was moved to Kingston. The can be fried Court was additionally housed here, as well as the workplaces of the Island Secretary, Provost Marshal, the register in Chancery and the Clerks of Crown and Court.

4. St. James Cathedral (Spanish Town)Built in about 1525 ~ above the website of the Spanish chapel the the Red Cross, this cathedral stands today as the earliest ecclesiastical framework in the British empire (outside of the unified Kingdom).


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When the British overcame the Spanish in 1655, the English destroyed the currently cathedral, and built in the stead one Anglican church which was demolished by one earthquake in 1712, and rebuilt in 1714. In 1843, the church was called the Cathedral the the Anglican Diocese, in honour of the patron saint – St. James.

This cathedral is built in the type of a cross. The aisles room dotted with the tombstones of many notables in Jamaican history. Situated close to to the house of Assembly and the Old king’s House, the St. James Church has the earliest existing Anglican records some of which date back to 1668.St Catherine Jamaica has a many of history and is stated to be one of the island"s parishes that mirrors the many potential for metropolitan development. Through the good water resources, flat landscape and also nearness to the capital city, St. Catherine can possibly be among the Caribbean"s significant urban areas in the next couple of years.

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Sources
:Senior, Olive, Encyclopedia that Jamaican Heritage. St. Andrew, Jamaica: pair Guinep Publishers Ltd., 2003Jamaica information Service, St. Catherine. Kingston: Jamaica info Service, (Parish Profiles), 1991.Map of Jamaica, 1895


CORNWALL

Hanover

Westmoreland

St. James

Trelawny

St. Elizabeth

MIDDLESEX

St. Ann

St. Mary

Manchester

Clarendon

St. Catherine

SURREY

Portland

St. Thomas

Kingston

St. Andrew


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