Most of our English words originated from other languages. Below please find a list of the more common Greek and Latin roots.

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Greek & Latin Roots – PDF Greek Roots – PDF Latin Roots – PDF

Greek and Latin Roots

RootOriginMeaningExamples
actLatindoaction, actor, react, transact & enact
aeroGreekairaerobics, aerodynamics, aeronautics & aerate
agrLatinfieldagriculture, agrarian, agronomy & agribusiness
alterLatinotheralter, alternate, alternative, altercation & alter ego
animLatinlife, spiritanimate, animosity, animal & inanimate
annLatinyearannual, anniversary & annuity
ennLatinyearbiennial & millennium
aquaLatinwateraquarium, aquatic, aqueous & aquamarine
astGreekstarastronaut, astronomy, asterisk & asteroid
audLatinhearaudience, auditorium, audible & audition
biblioGreekbookbibliography, bibliophile, & Bible ( portion of)
bioGreeklifebiology, biography, biochemistry, biopsy & biosphere
cardLatinheartcardiac, cardiology, cardiogram & cardiovascular
cordLatinheartcordial, accord, concord & discord
chronGreektimechronological, synchronize, chronicle & chronic
claimLatinshoutproclaim, exclaim & acclaim
clamLatinshoutclamor & exclamation
cognLatinknowrecognize, incognito, cognition & cognizant
corpLatinbodycorporation, corpse, corps, corpus & corpuscle
cosmGreekuniversecosmos, cosmopolitan, microcosm & cosmonaut
credLatinbelievecredit, discredit, incredible, credential & credulous
cyclGreekcircle, ringbicycle, cyclone, cycle & recycle
dicLatinspeakdictate, predict, contradict, verdict & diction
docLatinteachdoctrine, document, doctor, indoctrinate & docile
donLatingivedonor & pardon
donatLatingivedonation & donate
ducLatinleadduct, conduct, educate, induct & aqua duct
facLatinmake, dofactory, manufacture, benefactor & facsimile
ficLatinmake, doefficient, proficient, sufficient & beneficial
flectLatinbendreflect, deflect, reflection, inflection & genuflect
flexLatinbendreflex & flexible
formLatinshapeform, uniform, transform, reform & formal
genGreekbirth, racegeneration, generate, genocide, progeny & genealogy
geoGreekearthgeography, geometry, geology & geophysics
gramGreekletter, writtentelegram, diagram, grammar, epigram & monogram
graphGreekwritephotograph, autograph, biography & phonograph
homo, homLatinmanHomo sapiems, homicide, homage & hombre
innerLatinwithininnermost, innerspring
interLatinamong, between or shared byinterchange, intercom & interface
introLatininto, inward or withinintroduce, introvert & introspection
junctLatinjoinjuncture, conjunction, adjunct & injunction
judLatinlawjudge & judicial
jurLatinlawjury & jurisdiction
jusLatinlawjustice & justify
labLatinworklabor, laboratory, collaborate & elaborate
liberLatinfreeliberty, liberal, liberate & libertine
locLatinplacelocation, locate, dislocate, allocate & local
manLatinhandmanual, manufacture, manuscript & manipulate
marLatinseamarine, submarine, mariner & maritime
materLatinmothermaternal, maternity & matricide
matrLatinmothermatrimony, matron & matriarch
meterGreekmeasurethermometer, centimeter, diameter & barometer
migrLatinchange, movemigrate, immigrant, emigrate & migratory
missLatinsendmissile, dismiss, mission & remiss
mitLatinsendsubmit, remit, admit & transmit
mobLatinmovemobile, automobile & mobilize
motLatinmovemotion, motor, promote, demote & motile
movLatinmoveremove, movement
morphGreekshapeamorphous, metamorphoses & morphology
mortLatindeathmortician, mortuary, mortal, immortal & mortify
natLatinbornnatal, native, nation, nativity & innate
ordin, orderLatinrow, rankordinary, ordinal, extraordinary, ordinance & order
orthoGreekstraight, rightorthodontist, orthodox, orthopedist & orthography
pater, patrLatinfatherpaternity, paternal, patricide & patriarch
pathGreekdisease, feelingpathology, sympathy, empathy, antipathy & pathos
pedGreekchildpediatrician, pedagogy & encyclopedia
pedLatinfootpedal, pedestrian, biped & pedestal
philGreeklovephilosophy, philanthropist, philharmonic & philology
phonGreeksoundphonograph, symphony, telephone, microphone & phonics
photoGreeklightphotograph, telephoto, photosynthesis & photogenic
podGreekfootpodiatrist, podium & tripod
poliGreekcitymetropolis, cosmopolitan, police & political
portLatincarryportable, transport, import, export & porter
pyschGreekmind, soulpsychology, psyche, psychopath & psychiatrist
ques, quer, quisLatinask, seekquestion, inquest, request, query & inquisitive
radLatinray, spokeradius, radio, radiation, radium, radiator & radiology
rectLatinstraighterect, rectangle, rectify, direction & correct
ruptLatinbreakrupture, erupt, interrupt, abrupt & bankrupt
sanLatinhealthsanitary, sanitation, sane, insanity & sanitarium
saurGreeklizarddinosaur, brontosaurus & stegosaurus
sciGreekknowscience, conscience, conscious & omniscient
scopGreekseemicroscope, telescope, periscope & stethoscope
scribeLatinwriteinscribe, describe & prescribe
scriptLatinwritescript, transcript & scripture
signLatinmarksignal, signature, significant & insignia
specLatinseeinspect, suspect, respect, spectator & spectacle
structLatinbuildstructure, construct, instruct & destruction
tactLatintouchtactile, intact, contact & tact
terrLatinlandterritory, terrain, terrestrial & terrace
thermGreekheatthermometer, thermal, thermostat & thermos
tractLatinpull, dragtractor, attract, subtract, traction, extract & contract
tribLatingivecontribute, tribute, tributary & attribute
urbLatincityurban, suburb, urbane & suburban
vacLatinemptyvacant, evacuate, vacate & vacuum
varLatindifferentvary, invariable, variant, variety & various
vidLatinseevideo, evidence, provide, providence
visLatinseevisible, vision, visual & visualize
vocLatinvoicevocal, advocate, evocation & convocation
voidLatinemptyvoid, devoid, avoid, voided & unavoidable
volLatinwish, willvolition, volunteer, voluntary & benevolent
volvLatinturnrevolve, involve, evolve, revolver & revolution
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Greek Roots

RootOriginMeaningExamples
aeroGreekairaerobics, aerodynamics, aeronautics & aerate
astGreekstarastronaut, astronomy, asterisk & asteroid
biblioGreekbookbibliography, bibliophile, & Bible ( portion of)
bioGreeklifebiology, biography, biochemistry, biopsy & biosphere
chronGreektimechronological, synchronize, chronicle & chronic
cosmGreekuniversecosmos, cosmopolitan, microcosm & cosmonaut
cyclGreekcircle, ringbicycle, cyclone, cycle & recycle
genGreekbirth, racegeneration, generate, genocide, progeny & genealogy
geoGreekearthgeography, geometry, geology & geophysics
gramGreekletter, writtentelegram, diagram, grammar, epigram & monogram
graphGreekwritephotograph, autograph, biography & phonograph
meterGreekmeasurethermometer, centimeter, diameter & barometer
morphGreekshapeamorphous, metamorphoses & morphology
orthoGreekstraight, rightorthodontist, orthodox, orthopedist & orthography
pathGreekdisease, feelingpathology, sympathy, empathy, antipathy & pathos
pedGreekchildpediatrician, pedagogy & encyclopedia
philGreeklovephilosophy, philanthropist, philharmonic & philology
phonGreeksoundphonograph, symphony, telephone, microphone & phonics
photoGreeklightphotograph, telephoto, photosynthesis & photogenic
podGreekfootpodiatrist, podium & tripod
poliGreekcitymetropolis, cosmopolitan, police & political
pyschGreekmind, soulpsychology, psyche, psychopath & psychiatrist
saurGreeklizarddinosaur, brontosaurus & stegosaurus
sciGreekknowscience, conscience, conscious & omniscient
scopGreekseemicroscope, telescope, periscope & stethoscope
thermGreekheatthermometer, thermal, thermostat & thermos

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Latin Roots

RootOriginMeaningExamples
actLatindoaction, actor, react, transact & enact
agrLatinfieldagriculture, agrarian, agronomy & agribusiness
alterLatinotheralter, alternate, alternative, altercation & alter ego
animLatinlife, spiritanimate, animosity, animal & inanimate
annLatinyearannual, anniversary & annuity
ennLatinyearbiennial & millennium
aquaLatinwateraquarium, aquatic, aqueous & aquamarine
audLatinhearaudience, auditorium, audible & audition
cardLatinheartcardiac, cardiology, cardiogram & cardiovascular
cordLatinheartcordial, accord, concord & discord
claimLatinshoutproclaim, exclaim & acclaim
clamLatinshoutclamor & exclamation
cognLatinknowrecognize, incognito, cognition & cognizant
corpLatinbodycorporation, corpse, corps, corpus & corpuscle
credLatinbelievecredit, discredit, incredible, credential & credulous
dicLatinspeakdictate, predict, contradict, verdict & diction
docLatinteachdoctrine, document, doctor, indoctrinate & docile
donLatingivedonor & pardon
donatLatingivedonation & donate
ducLatinleadduct, conduct, educate, induct & aqua duct
facLatinmake, dofactory, manufacture, benefactor & facsimile
ficLatinmake, doefficient, proficient, sufficient & beneficial
flectLatinbendreflect, deflect, reflection, inflection & genuflect
flexLatinbendreflex & flexible
formLatinshapeform, uniform, transform, reform & formal
homo, homLatinmanHomo sapiems, homicide, homage & hombre
innerLatinwithininnermost, innerspring
interLatinamong, between or shared byinterchange, intercom & interface
introLatininto, inward or withinintroduce, introvert & introspection
junctLatinjoinjuncture, conjunction, adjunct & injunction
judLatinlawjudge & judicial
jurLatinlawjury & jurisdiction
jusLatinlawjustice & justify
labLatinworklabor, laboratory, collaborate & elaborate
liberLatinfreeliberty, liberal, liberate & libertine
locLatinplacelocation, locate, dislocate, allocate & local
manLatinhandmanual, manufacture, manuscript & manipulate
marLatinseamarine, submarine, mariner & maritime
materLatinmothermaternal, maternity & matricide
matrLatinmothermatrimony, matron & matriarch
migrLatinchange, movemigrate, immigrant, emigrate & migratory
missLatinsendmissile, dismiss, mission & remiss
mitLatinsendsubmit, remit, admit & transmit
mobLatinmovemobile, automobile & mobilize
motLatinmovemotion, motor, promote, demote & motile
movLatinmoveremove, movement
mortLatindeathmortician, mortuary, mortal, immortal & mortify
natLatinbornnatal, native, nation, nativity & innate
ordin, orderLatinrow, rankordinary, ordinal, extraordinary, ordinance & order
pater, patrLatinfatherpaternity, paternal, patricide & patriarch
pedLatinfootpedal, pedestrian, biped & pedestal
portLatincarryportable, transport, import, export & porter
ques, quer, quisLatinask, seekquestion, inquest, request, query & inquisitive
radLatinray, spokeradius, radio, radiation, radium, radiator & radiology
rectLatinstraighterect, rectangle, rectify, direction & correct
ruptLatinbreakrupture, erupt, interrupt, abrupt & bankrupt
sanLatinhealthsanitary, sanitation, sane, insanity & sanitarium
scribeLatinwriteinscribe, describe & prescribe
scriptLatinwritescript, transcript & scripture
signLatinmarksignal, signature, significant & insignia
specLatinseeinspect, suspect, respect, spectator & spectacle
structLatinbuildstructure, construct, instruct & destruction
tactLatintouchtactile, intact, contact & tact
terrLatinlandterritory, terrain, terrestrial & terrace
tractLatinpull, dragtractor, attract, subtract, traction, extract & contract
tribLatingivecontribute, tribute, tributary & attribute
urbLatincityurban, suburb, urbane & suburban
vacLatinemptyvacant, evacuate, vacate & vacuum
varLatindifferentvary, invariable, variant, variety & various
vidLatinseevideo, evidence, provide, providence
visLatinseevisible, vision, visual & visualize
vocLatinvoicevocal, advocate, evocation & convocation
voidLatinemptyvoid, devoid, avoid, voided & unavoidable
volLatinwish, willvolition, volunteer, voluntary & benevolent
volvLatinturnrevolve, involve, evolve, revolver & revolution

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