Have you ever before got perplexed that hay and está both analyze into “is”? those the difference? when do you usage one and also when the other? exactly how to use them in a sentence? Is there any type of formula because that hay in barisalcity.org that can help?

If these room the concerns you’ve been asking yourself, you will do it finally uncover out the answers.

You are watching: What does esta es mean in spanish

After reading this article, friend will never doubt again in between hay in barisalcity.org and also está. those more, you’ll have the ability to see your progress yourself by doing a brief quiz in the end.

Do you want to try?

Hay in barisalcity.org – The an interpretation and Usage

Before I start explaining what hay in barisalcity.org way and how to usage it, have actually a look at these examples:

Hay un gato en mi jardín.There is a cat in mine garden.

Hay tres gatos en mi jardín.There space three cat in mine garden.


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I assumption: v you currently figured out the translation, no you? Yes, hay barisalcity.org means both “there is” and also “there are”.

Hay is an impersonal form of haber (to be, come have). “Impersonal” method that the never alters no issue the sex or number of the noun that adheres to it. Therefore you deserve to forget because that a while around gender and number agreement, and also the link endings and also learn the easy part.

In the sentences above I offered them v a singular noun (un gato), and also plural noun (tres gatos). In nobody of the cases, I recognize the animals that space in mine garden. I simply acknowledge their existence.

If I’m not sure around the exact number of these not an extremely familiar animals, i could also say:

Hay gatos en mi jardín.There space cats in my garden.

Or:

Hay unos gatos en mi jardín.There are some cats in my garden.

Keep this sentences in mind as I will come back to them later.

Hay in barisalcity.org in different tenses

When you desire to usage hay in barisalcity.org in various other tenses, for example, come say “there was” or “there will be”, you’ll additionally have to discover one impersonal type for each tense. No link tables this time!

Let’s store it straightforward and remain with the cats.

The an example of an example tense

The impersonal type for hay in the basic past it is too dirty in barisalcity.org is hubo.

Hubo un gato en mi jardín.There to be a cat in my garden.

Hubo tres gatos en mi jardín.There were 3 cats in mine garden.

The imperfect it is too dirty

Hay in the imperfect it s too dirty in barisalcity.org turns into había.

Había un gato en mi jardín.There was a cat in my garden.

Había tres gatos en mi jardín.There were three cats in mine garden.

If you desire to learn a difference between the two previous barisalcity.org tenses, check out “Preterite vs Imperfect: A Beginner’s overview to the previous Tense in barisalcity.org.”

The straightforward future tense

In the future basic tense, girlfriend will usage habrá.

Habrá un gato en mi jardín.There will be a cat in mine garden.

Habrá tres gatos en mi jardín.There will be three cats in my garden.

If you desire to update your knowledge on the future tense in barisalcity.org, check out “The Future basic Tense in barisalcity.org: el Futuro simple.”

Hay vs Estar – what’s the difference


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Some beginning of the person learners tend to confuse hay v está. It’s regular if the happens, yet you can conveniently understand the difference in between these 2 verbs.

Hay

Let’s evaluation it one much more time. Hay in English translates into “There is” or “there are”. And also we use it to talk about the existence of other or someone.

In the sentences v Hay, the verb goes an initial and the noun follows.

Hay + noun

Then, you have the right to put indefinite write-ups or numbers prior to the noun. Mind the you can not put any kind of definite post before the noun.

Hay un gato. (There is a cat.)

Hay gatos. (There are cats.)

Hay tres gatos. (There space three cats.)

Hay unos gatos. (There room some cats.)

If you want to include the place, you deserve to put it either at the start of the sentence or at the end. Follow this sentence structures:

Hay + noun + placePlace + hay + noun

Hence, you can say:

Hay un gato en mi jardín.There is a cat in my garden.

Or

En mi jardín hay un gato.In my garden, there is a cat.

Estar

Estar (to be) is a verb the you conjugate as other verbs and also its ending changes with every grammatical person. Está method “(it) is” and están means “they) are”. We use it not to talk about the existence however the ar of civilization or things.

The formula come use with estar is additionally different:

Definite article (el, la, los, las) + noun + está / están + place

For example:

El gato está en el jardín.The cat is in the garden.

Los gatos están en el jardín.The cats room in the garden.

When you find things and object v the verb estar you understand who you’re talking about, therefore you use the definite articles.

Let me show you both hay and also estar in basic dialogue.

-¿Hay una farmacía por aquí?-Sí hay algunas cerca. Por ejemplo, la farmacia “Dr. John” está en la esquina.

-Is over there a pharmacy about here?-Yes, there room some nearby. Because that example, the pharmacy “Dr. John” is ~ above the corner.

The first person is asking about an visibility of a pharmacy. The second person acknowledges the visibility of some pharmacies adjacent and specifically locates among them.

Is it clearer now? Hopefully, yes.

Hay in barisalcity.org – usual Phrases

You can often come across the hay in barisalcity.org in some expressions girlfriend use nearly daily.

Hay que

This expression introduce obligation–One must. It have the right to be because that the speaker and also whoever accompanies that or a general obligation:

Hay que apurarnos.We have to hurry.

Hay que inscribirse antes del sábado.You must register prior to Saturday.

Aquí, hay que caminar con cuidado.Here, you need to walk carefully.


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No hay de que

No hay de que is another means of speak de nada (you’re welcome). Next time, as soon as somebody many thanks you for something you have the right to use try using this one.

-Gracias por traerme aquí.-No hay de que.

-Thanks for bringing me here.-You’re welcome.

¿Qué hay de nuevo?

Do you desire a catchy phrase to greet a friend? rather of simply saying Hola, ¿cómo estás? you deserve to say ¿Qué hay de nuevo? an interpretation “what’s new?”, “what’s up?”.

-Hola Juan. ¿Qué hay de nuevo?-Hola Pedro, Nada, todo bien. ¿Y tú, ¿qué tal?

-Hello Juan. Those new?-Hi Pedro. Nothing, every good. And also what about you?

Hay sol / Lluvia / Nieve

You can likewise use hay come talk around meteorological conditions. If it’s sunny, say—hay sol. If the rainy, say—hay lluvia.

-¿Qué tiempo hace ahora en Cancún?-Ahora hay solar pero por la tarde habrá lluvia.

-What’s the weather currently in Cancun?-Now, that sunny but it will rain in the afternoon.

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Prove you a understand of Hay in barisalcity.org- Quiz


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Let’s watch if currently you recognize what hay way in barisalcity.org and when to use está instead. Shot yourself in this multiple-choice quiz and remember there’s only one exactly translation because that each English sentence.