Repetition: There space several significant instances the repetition throughout “To build a Fire.” The male is continuous thawing and also refreezing miscellaneous parts of his body, reflecting the futility that his efforts to stay warm. Three times the attempts to build a fire, each attempt more desperate and also less successful than the last, emphasizing the raising mortal peril of his situation. The man’s tobacco chewing, which the prioritizes over much more important matters, occurs numerous times once the male is underestimate the environment’s hazards. Finally, the man’s id of “cold” is constantly being redefined—the longer he spends in the wilderness, the more frequently he needs to reconsider his previous evaluation of the temperature.

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Imagery: London’s portrayals that the Yukon landscape room beautiful and evocative, but often emphasize the male smallness in relationship to the substantial swaths the snow and also ice surrounding him. Furthermore, other sensory descriptions—such as the visual and sound of the male spit cracked on the snow—are intended to show nature’s inhospitality.

Foreshadowing: Foreshadowing throughout the story contributes to the reader’s sense that the outcome—the man’s freezing to death—is inevitable. The man’s inexperience, shown through present such together “Fifty degrees listed below zero to be to the just exactly fifty degrees listed below zero,” hint come the reader that the man’s absence of issue will it is in problematic because that him. The old-timer’s advice, which the male recalls several times, likewise foreshadows the man’s missteps. Despite the old-timer’s warnings, because that example, the male takes off running v wet feet—the critical in a series of bad choices that leads come his death.


Literary devices Examples in To develop a Fire:


To build a Fire 🔒 7

"where were the other food-providers and also fire-providers...." check out in text(To develop a Fire)


London’s usage of language, describing the guys at the camp in link phrases such as “food-provider” and also “fire-provider,” permits us come slip into the dog’s consciousness. Here, we uncover no spiritual connection between human and also canine, but rather a relationship built on survival.


"he wonder if Mercury felt as he felt as soon as skimming end the earth...." watch in text(To construct a Fire)


London’s allusion come Mercury operates on numerous levels. Mercury’s winged feet enable the god to float over the earth much together the man, through his frozen feet, does. The referral to Mercury additionally calls come mind the planet of the very same name, producing picture of Mercury and also Earth in their separate orbits; this image underscores the man’s finish disconnect indigenous his environment. Finally, in roman mythology Mercury guides souls come the underworld. Indigenous this context, we deserve to see the character’s no hope sprint together a dash towards death.


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"fetched forth the birch bark...." check out in text(To develop a Fire)


This alliterative phrase is exemplary the London’s prose style. His sentences are clean and simple, however punctuated v occasional poetic flourishes.


"Once in a while, the thought reiterated itself that it was very cold and that he had never competent such cold...." check out in text(To construct a Fire)


London carefully builds this statement for this reason we recognize the thought as different from the man: the is not “his thought.” London’s decision to framework the narrative in such an objective means reflects how distant the protagonist is from the consequences of his situation. This produce dramatic irony. The leader understands the brewing danger the protagonist is in more plainly than the does.


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"a dog, a large native husky,..." see in text(To build a Fire)


London introduce the dog to act as a foil to the key character, that is, the dog has key differences that comparison sharply with the man, such together its physics features and also its instinct. Through showing just how the dog reaction to events in the story, London additional highlights the male inexperience and also the seriousness the his situation.


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"COLD and also grey, exceedingly cold and also grey..." see in text(To develop a Fire)


Note how London supplies repetition transparent the story. By repeating specific words and actions, such as the cold and the numbness he later feels, London emphasizes not only the extreme coldness the the setting but additionally the risk the guy is in.


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"the man..." see in text(To construct a Fire)


In the original version of “To construct A Fire,” released in 1902, the protagonist is dubbed Tom Vincent. London later revised the story, deepening his explanation of the setup and the character while removed his name. In this 2nd version, published in 1908, the protagonist remains unnamed throughout the story.

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