Parable the the Pharisee and also Tax-Collector (Luke 18:9-14)
Objectives: through the end of this class the student will be able to:Describe essential background details that will improve the readers\" expertise of this parable.Identify what issues a first century Jewish audience would emphasis on ~ hearing the parable that the Pharisee and Tax Collector.Identify the significant lessons conveyed allegorically by the key characters.Make applications the the major lessons to modern-day situations. O/H 1
Teaching Aids and Materials:Easy to understand Bibles for every college student (CEV, RSV, NAV, NIV, NRSV, etc.)A chalkboard, mite board, or overhead projector.
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Lesson plan for Conducting the Class
Introduction: (about 8-10 minutes)Begin class by welcoming members and also any visitors; do all necessary class announcements; songs.Lead the class in a prayer that will incorporate asking God to assist them it is in responsible and obedient in what work God entrusts come us.Q: who would choose to re-superstructure the outcomes of filling out the an individual Compassion Survey? (Allow 2-3 world to respond)Share through the learner the great objectives. O/H 1Have someone review Luke 18:9-14.
Learning Experiences: (about 20-25 minutes)
Part I: Background info for understanding the main
Explain come the learners the this is one more illustration of an \"example narrative\". That is found only in Luke\"s Gospel. Choose the parable of the an excellent Samaritan we hear the two characters who collection both an instance to follow and also one come avoid. Luke areas it together the parable that the unjust referee (Luke 18:1-8), which encourages persistent prayers, because it also makes reference to prayer. Assist the readers better understand what the two characters represent. Description the Pharisees: countless scholars think that words \"Pharisee\" originates from the Hebrew word parus (\"separated one\"). We carry out not recognize if this was a native a Pharisee used for themselves or one provided by rather to define them. Paul supplied the native to explain his pre-Christian life (Phil. 3:5). Josephus, the Jewish Roman chronicler who resided in the very first century, provided to it is in a Pharisee and gives part details that their beliefs in his Antiquities of the Jews (13.297-98; 18.15) and Jewish wars (1.110; 2.162). (Handout 1) it is vital to stress here that Pharisees were not paid professional clergy but influential put persons (farmers, carpenters, merchants). They mutual a usual commitment come piety towards God and also strict observance of legislations that aided to represent Jewish distinctiveness from Gentiles, in particular laws that concerned ritual purity and the Sabbath. Description of taxation Collectors: because he concerns the Temple, this taxation Collector is obviously a Jew. Tax Collectors to be independent building contractors with the federal government to collect regional taxes, tolls and also market duties. They would certainly bid for the best to collect these taxes and they had actually to collect their salary the end of what they charged tax payers. This commonly associated excessive overcharges (see the account the Zaccaheus the Tax-Collector\"s confession in Luke 19:8). If taxation payers did no comply castle risked gift imprisoned. Tax Collectors to be often identified as gift swindlers and cheaters. That would as such be somewhat startling, even hypocritical, to discover a cheating ally of the Romans in a Jewish holy place of prayer. Attract the learners\" attention to the fact that various translations will define the path of the Pharisee\"s prayer (v. 11a) in miscellaneous ways. The KJV has actually \"stood and prayed v himself\". The RSV has \"stood and also prayed thus with himself\". The TEV (The English Version) has actually \"stood and prayed to himself\". The NIV has actually \"stood up and also prayed around himself\". The NRSN (New Revised standard Version) has \"standing by himself, to be praying thus\". Q: What would be emphasized if we translated the message with either \"with\", \"to\" or \"about\"? A: If the meaning is \"with\", it might suggest to some that the Pharisee prayed silently. This but is no the method Jews throughout this time prayed. Castle prayed audibly. Choosing \"to\" would imply that the Pharisee was no really praying come God however to himself, i m sorry is additionally unlikely. If we chose \"about\", it would imply that the main focus of his audible prayer to God was not on his require for forgiveness however on his desire for acknowledgment of holiness. Q: Is there any thing about the Pharisee\"s prayer the justifies calling that \"mean-spirited\"? A: Yes. The means he contrasts himself through others and the contemptuous ton in which he describes the tax collector. Define to the learners that the Pharisee to be excelling in great deeds. If the law only required fasting on the job of Atonement, many Jews in the first century had concerned see fasting as a method of reflecting remorse, penitence and also virtue. Some ancient sources show that Jews fasted on either Mondays or Thursdays. This Pharisee walk both. Ironically though, the Pharisee is devout in the authorize of penance (possibly no for himself yet on instead of of the nation) however is no actually penitent before God. The Pharisee additionally excelled in tithing in that he offers a tenth of all that he it s okay (or more technically, brings right into his home).
Part II: worries raised in the mental of a Jewish audience
Q: To who is the parable directed? A: It was directed to disciples who were confident of their own righteousness and looked down on others. Q: would certainly a very first century Jew, ~ hearing the contents of the Pharisee\"s pray, instinctively conclude the the Pharisee to be arrogant? In various other words, would the pride and pompousness of the Pharisee it is in self-evident indigenous his prayer? A: probably not. A comparable prayer was spoken by a rabbi part years later and also is gift as an instance of a godly prayer. O/H 2 Q: What would indicate to a an initial century Jewish audience that the tax Collector was incredibly penitent? A: First, he did not take the normal posture of prayer, which was standing raising one\"s hands and also eyes in the direction of heaven. Second, that beat ~ above his breast. In the Oriental culture this was a dramatic gesture the was commonly done by women and also only hardly ever by men.
Part Ill: Lessons native the key characters
Q: while there space two clearly stated characters in the parable (the Pharisee and also the Tax-Collector), there is one implied character. That is it? A: God, who justifies the tax collector and not the Pharisee. Q: What room the key lessons indigenous the two explicit characters and the one implied personality (God)? A: There are three lessons taught:Citizens of the kingdom humble themselves before God v contrite hearts and also do not look down upon others.Foreigners to the kingdom boast prior to God and others what they see as their far-reaching acts the piety and also devotion.God will exalt those that act v humility yet will carry down those who space arrogant and prideful. O/H 3
Part lV: modern-day Applications the the key lessons
Q: What type of spiritual activities are some Christians most likely to boast about today? A: over there are many answers that have the right to be given. Below are a couple: Exemplary Sunday school attendance, lot of time castle spend reading their Bible, the percentage of their earning that they contribute to the church. Q: What kinds of civilization might some Christians feeling they are morally superior than? A: There space a variety of examples that might be given. Here are some: Christians who feel ethically superior to newer Christians; those that feel superior due to the fact that they are entrusted come lead details church activities; those that look under on believer who lack a specific degree of education and learning or who execute not have actually a particular social background.
Application: (about 5-10 minutes)Ask the learner to create down in pillar 1 top top handout #2 (\"Examples the Humility\") the surname of three Christians they understand who screen the characteristics of humility Jesus is calling because that in this parable. Then in column 2 shot to offer a particular example of what they walk that showed you that humility. (Ask a pair of civilization to re-publishing their one of their examples.)
Assignment: (about 2 minutes)Ask the learner to compose down this week on the bottom that handout #2 two areas where God would want them to demonstrate more humility. Ask them to do it a suggest during the week come ask God because that the wisdom come act humbly prior to others.
Review the class objectives. Allow them know the title of following weeks lesson: The Unforgiving Servant
Lesson ObjectivesDescribe important background details that will enhance the readers\" knowledge of this parable.Identify what worries a 1st century Jewish audience would focus on after ~ hearing the parable the the Pharisee and also Tax Collector.Identify the significant lessons conveyed allegorically through the main characters.Make applications of the major lessons to modern-day situations.
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A rabbinic Jewish Prayer
I give thanks to Thee, O lord my God, that Thou has collection my part with those that sit in the Beth ha Midrash (the home of study) and Thou besides not set my section with those that sit in (street) corners because that I increase early and they rise early, but I rise early on for native of Torah and they rise at an early stage for frivolous talk; ns labor and also they labor, however I labor and also receive a reward and also they labor and also do not obtain a reward; i run and they run, however I operation to the life the the future world and they operation to the pit the destruction. (Babylonian Berakhot 28b)
Citizens of the kingdom humble themselves prior to God with contrite hearts and do not look down upon others. However, to the kingdom boast before God and also others what they see as their significant acts that piety and devotion. God will certainly exalt those who act through humility yet will bring down those who are arrogant and prideful
earlier to Parables of Jesus