Argentina is a large country – the 8 hours largest country in the world and the second largest in southern America (after Brazil), covering an area of 2.7 million square kilometres. Its diverse landscapes and climates vary substantially from north to south, ranging from Andean mountains and glacial lakes to Pampas grassland where its famous beef livestock graze.

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Argentina is bordered through the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic ocean to the east and also shares boundaries with Chile to the west, Bolivia and Paraguay come the north, and Brazil and Uruguay come the northeast.

Geography of Argentina

There space 5 key geographical regions in Argentina.



Helicopter view from the Argentinean Iguazu Falls. Photo credit: shutterstock

The rainforest an ar encompasses the hot humid an ar of wetlands and also forest in the northeast attached by the Parana and Uruguay Rivers, Argentina’s largest rivers. The Parana flow is in truth the 2nd longest river in south America after the Amazon. The mighty Iguazu falls are discovered in Argentina’s rainforest region, the largest waterfall device in the world, made up of end 275 individual waterfalls. The Iberá Wetlands are also part of the rainforest region, the 2nd largest wetlands in the civilization after Brazil’s Pantanal and also one of the most important freshwater reservoirs in southern America, consisting of 13,000 square kilometres of marshland with lakes, lagoons and also swamps.

Gran Chaco


The Salinas Grandes in north Argentina. Photo credit: shutterstock

The Gran Chaco is a large, dry, tenderness sloping level covering a large part that the central-north of Argentina. That is a huge semi-arid lowland plain, an area that forests and also Savannah that extends right into Bolivia and Paraguay.



The pampa of Argentina. Photo credit: shutterstock

The Pampas is one of the largest abundant grassland plains in the world, covering almost one 3rd of Argentina’s soil area. Pampa is in reality a Quechua word definition “flat plain”. The Pampas extends for 750,000 square kilometres indigenous the Atlantic to the Andes and continues into Uruguay. This is the residence of cattle ranches, sheep estancia and also the gaucho!



Side angle of the Perito Moreno Glacier, photograph Credit: Shutterstock

Patagonia is a long dry windswept plateau that stretches southern to Tierra del Fuego, featuring hill valleys, grasslands, forests and lakes. The spans both Argentina and also Chile and is residence to incredible mountain peaks, ice cream fields and also glaciers. There room 3 national Parks in Argentina’s Patagonia – Los Glaciares, Nahuel Huapi and also Tierra del Fuego. The Perito Moreno Glacier in UNESCO human being Heritage provided Los Glaciares national Park, hold the world third-largest reserve of fresh water. It is among only 3 glaciers in Patagonia the is advancing.

Andes Mountains


Coloured hills in Aconcagua Nationanl Park. Photograph credit: shutterstock

The Andes space the rugged arid hill ranges the the northwest that encompass South America’s highest suggest and the highest mountain outside Asia, Aconcagua that rises majestically to 6,960m. The Andes prolong for 7,000 kilometres with 7 southern American countries, the longest mountain chain in the world and forming the backbone of southern America. Argentina is house to the southern Andes.


Argentina boasts one of the biggest ecosystem ranges in the world, v 15 continental zones, 3 oceanic zones and the Antarctic an ar all represented in that territory. Together a an outcome it is one of the many biologically diverse nations in the world.

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