1. Walk a solid acid/base have a Ka or Kb value? Or just a weak acid/base has one?2. How have the right to you predict if a salt dissolves, they will develop acidic, basic, or netural solution?For example, why NaCl produces a neutral solution?Why NH4Cl is an acidic salt?Why NaC2H3O2 is a simple salt?Why NH4CN forms basic solution?I am entirely confused the predicting even if it is a salt will produce neutral, acidic or simple solution. How deserve to you understand which kind it will certainly form?Can someone teach me please? I would certainly appreciate!


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1.) every acids and also bases have Ka/Kb values. It's just that for strong acids and also bases the equillibrium is so far to the best that the Ka/Kb worth is extraordinarily high. (It's prefer with equillibrium constants. All reactions have an equillibrium constant. It's simply that some reactions space so greatly favored in the direction of the products side that we make the presumption that in ~ equillibrium all the reactants have actually reacted).2.) This is nice easy. A salt will type a simple solution if the anion is that of a weak acid. It will form an acidic equipment if the cation is the of a weak base. A): NaCl is a neutral salt since the salt ion is the cation that a solid base (NaOH) and the chloride ion is the anion of a strong acid (HCl). So once it goes into solution, the sodium is not going to pull an OH- off of water and form sodium hydroxide, thus leaving H+ ion in solution and also making one acid, and the chlorine is not going to traction an H+ turn off of water and form HCl, for this reason leaving a bunch that OH- ion in solution and also making a base. Therefore, the equipment will be neutral.b): NH4Cl is one acidic salt since when that goes right into solution, the NH4 is going come pull part OH- ions from water and kind the weak base NH4OH. Because NH4OH is a weak base, it will continue to be in solution greatly as NH4OH, for this reason leaving some H+ ion floating around. The presence of the H+ ions makes the systems acidic.c): NaC2H3O2 is a simple salt because the acetate ion will certainly pull an H+ ion native water to type the weak acid CH3COOH (Acetic acid). Because acetic mountain is weak, the will mostly remain in water as is which will certainly leave some OH- ions floating around. The OH- ions floating roughly makes the solution basic.d): v NH4CN you have the cation from a weak base (NH4OH) and the anion indigenous a weak mountain (HCN). However, HCN is a weaker acid 보다 NH4OH is a weak base. So the CN- ion will pull an ext H+ ion from water than NH4+ will pull OH- ions. As a result, there will certainly be more OH- ions floating approximately at equillibrium which renders the equipment basic. So as soon as you have the conjugate acids and also bases that a weak acid and also a weak base connected in a salt, the weaker that the 2 will predominate when determining if a systems is acidic or basic. (In the NH4CN example, HCN is a weaker acid than NH4OH is a weak base, so when determining if the equipment will be basic or acidic, you overlook the 'stronger' acid/base and also make your determination based upon the ion the is leftover.