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Third chairman 1801-1809 fast Fact: thomas Jefferson got the immense Louisiana Territoryfor the infant Republic.Biography: In the special of party problem in 1800, thomas Jefferson wrote in a private letter, "I have actually sworn top top the altar that God eternal hostility against every type of tyranny over the mind of man."This an effective advocate the liberty to be born in 1743 in Albermarle County, Virginia, inheriting native his father, a planter and also surveyor, some 5,000 acre of land, and also from his mother, a Randolph, high society standing. He learned at the university of William and also Mary, then read law. In 1772 the married Martha WaylesSkelton, a widow, and took her to live in his partly constructed mountaintop home, Monticello.Freckled and sandy-haired, fairly tall and also awkward, Jefferson to be eloquent as a correspondent, but he was no publicly speaker. In the Virginia residence of Burgessesand the continent Congress, he added his pen quite than his voice to the patriot cause. As the "silent member" that the Congress, Jefferson, at 33, drafted the statements of Independence. In years adhering to he labored to do its native a fact in Virginia. Many notably, he composed a invoice establishing religious freedom, spreading in 1786.Jefferson thrived Benjamin Franklin as minister come France in 1785. His sympathy for the French revolution led that into problem with Alexander Hamilton when Jefferson to be Secretary of State in chairman Washington"s Cabinet. That resigned in 1793. Spicy political dispute developed, and two separate parties, the Federalists and also the Democratic-Republicans, started to form. Jefferson progressively assumed leadership of the Republicans, that sympathized with the revolutionary reason in France. Attack Federalist policies, he protest a strong centralized Government and also championed the rights of states.As a reluctant candidate for President in 1796, Jefferson come within 3 votes that election. V a defect in the Constitution, he became Vice President,although an adversary of chairman Adams. In 1800 the defect led to a an ext serious problem. Republican electors, attempting to name both aPresident and a Vice president from their own party, cast a tie vote in between Jefferson and Aaron Burr. The residence of Representatives cleared up the tie. Hamilton, disliking both Jefferson and also Burr, nevertheless urged Jefferson"s election.When Jefferson presume the Presidency, the crisis in France had passed. The slashed Army and also Navy expenditures, cut the budget, eliminated the taxes on whiskey so unpopular in the West, yet lessened the national debt by a third. Healso sent a navy squadron come fight the Barbary pirates, that were harassing American commerce in the Mediterranean. Further, back the structure made no provision for the salvation of brand-new land, Jefferson suppressed his qualms end constitutionality as soon as he had the chance to get the Louisiana territory from Napoleon in 1803.During Jefferson"s 2nd term, he was progressively preoccupied with keeping the country from authorized in the Napoleonic wars, despite both England and also France interfered v the neutral rights of American merchantmen. Jefferson"s attempted solution, one embargo ~ above American shipping, functioned badly and also was unpopular.Jefferson retired to Monticello to ponder such projects as his grand designs because that the college of Virginia.
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A French nobleman observed that he had placed his house and his mind "on one elevated situation, native which he can contemplatethe universe."He died on July 4, 1826. president and very first Lady|Vice President and Mrs. GoreRecord the Progress|The Briefing RoomGateway come Government|Contacting the White HouseWhite residence for Kids|White home HistoryWhite residence Tours|Help|Text Only