No issue which country you are traveling to, everyone appreciates travelers who recognize a small bit that the local language.
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When visiting India, knowing even just a few phrases in Hindi can make travel easier and can also cause the locals come act an ext warmly towards you.
In this article, us will talk about some simple information around the Hindi language and teach you exactly how to to speak hello, goodbye, and some other useful phrases.
What is Hindi?
Hindi is one Indo-European language the stems from Sanskrit and also has likewise been greatly influenced through Persian and Arabic.
India is a an extremely diverse country with plenty of cultures and also languages, but Hindi is one of the country"s main languages and also the many widely spoken. End 60% of ind understand and speak Hindi.
Hindi is spoken widely in north India and also is the first language that most world living in the adhering to areas:
The rest of north India additionally speaks and understands Hindi yet most civilization will speak it together their second language. Southern Indians space the least likely to speak and understand Hindi.
If you room traveling top top a golden Triangle tour, you will visit the urban of Delhi, Agra, and also Jaipur all of which speak Hindi together their first language.
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Learning Hindi prior to You Travel
three Indian guys Smiling at the Camera
Learning Hindi is something the is NOT essential for travelers. Most people in India, specifically those in the travel industry, deserve to understand and also speak English an extremely well.
However, if friend do learn a couple of phrases in Hindi, you might impress the locals and also even get better deals from vendors.
That gift said:
It is not valuable for travelers to learn Hindi basics and also grammar rule before arriving in India. Instead, a great way to begin is to memorize certain an essential phrases that you have the right to practice during your trip.
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How come Say Hello in Hindi
Hello in Hindi
There are numerous different methods to to speak hello in Hindi ranging from the an extremely formal to the very informal. It"s ideal if you select a few to practice throughout your travels.
Basic HelloNamaste (pronounced: nam-as-stay)
This is the traditional means of saying hello and goodbye in Hindi. Namaste deserve to be used at any time of the day. Friend may also hear some human being say namaskar (nam-as-scar) which have the right to be offered interchangeably through namaste.
One essential thing to note is that namaste is a an extremely respectful and formal means of speak hello. Today many young civilization in India will just use the English salutations and save namaste because that elders or extremely respected individuals.
The greeting namaste is traditionally stated with her hands together in prior of her chest and also a slight bow to display respect. If you grasp this, the locals will certainly think girlfriend are really polite.
Namaste is formal means of saying hello
Hello, my surname is _______.Namaste, mera nam _______ hai. (pronounced: Nam-as-tay me-ra nam _______ hey)
This phrase is sure to admire anyone girlfriend meet and also is a good way to present yourself at a hotel front desk or to a local you would like to begin a conversation with.
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Good MorningSuprabhat (pronounced: soop-ra-bhat)
Suprabhat is the timeless Hindi means to say great morning.
This word have the right to be a little an overwhelming to pronounce due to the fact that it has the "bh" sound i beg your pardon is unusual in English. This sound is pronounce by starting to speak the "buh" sound and also then pushing more air out to do a "huh" sound immediately afterward.
Good AfternoonSubha dina (pronounced: soob-ha dee-na)
This is the traditional method to say great afternoon. Many human being will likewise use namaste because that this greeting.
How room you?Aap kaisey ho (pronounced: ahp kay-say ho)
This is a nice means to informally greet who you have actually met a few times while still continuing to be respectful and also showing interest in the person"s well-being.
If you are interested in chatting an ext with the locals climate this is a great phrase to obtain you started.
What"s up?Kya chal raha hai (pronounced: kee-ya chal ra-ha hey)
This is a more contemporary and informal method to greet someone and ask what is walk on in their lives. This is a good way come greet friends, close family members members, or people comparable in age to you.
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How come Say goodbye in Hindi
After discovering some methods to say hello, ours next vital step is learning how to to speak goodbye.
In more formal setups the word namaste v hands urgently in former of you and also a slight bow have the right to be used to to speak goodbye, but there are likewise a few other methods you have the right to practice.
Indian men say goodbye, tide goodbye, goodbye in Hindi is Alvida or namaste
Alvida (pronounced: Al-vee-duh)
This is a common means to to speak goodbye particularly if you will certainly not check out the other person again because that a long time or probably ever. This native is borrowed from Urdu, Hindi"s sister language, and is formal and also serious-sounding.
In informal setups or once saying goodbye just for a quick time, numerous Indians will use English paragraph such as "bye" or "see you".
See girlfriend LaterPhir milenge (pronounced: hair mil-ang-ay)
This is an expression that have the right to be provided for all occasions especially for informal partings in between friends or acquaintances.
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How to Buy things in Hindi
The instance that travelers use Hindi the most is once shopping in local markets and also buying souvenirs. In every stores where prices space not written on items, that is perfect acceptable come barter and also the seller will most likely quote a high price at first to watch if you will pay it.
How lot is this?Yah kitne hai (pronounced: yay kit-na hey)
This phrase is best expressed as soon as holding an object or pointing to an object in the store. However be prepared! If friend ask, you space entering into a bartering conference so it"s a good idea to just ask the price on items you are honestly reasoning of buying.
If the price they give is as well expensive, a great bartering tactic is come walk far or put the items down.
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Too expensiveBahut mahanga hai (pronounced: ba-huat may-hen-ga hey)
Most Indian sellers will know the English word "expensive", yet it is still fun to to speak it in Hindi and shot to present them that you know a small bit around the local society and can"t be so easily fooled.
I"ll take it itDijiye (pronounced: dee-gee-yay)
This word equates literally to "give" in English and is generally said once you have accepted the price and would like to purchase the item.
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Other essential Phrases to understand in Hindi
YesHaa (pronounced: ha through an elongated ah noise in ~ the end)
NoNah hello (pronounced: nah-hee)
orNaa (pronounced: nah with an elongated ah sound in ~ the end)
PleaseKripaya (pronounced: crip-ee-ya)
This is a an excellent word to usage to sound polite works very well once traveling in landscape India. Friend can include kripaya come the beginning of her English sentences when asking because that directions or information to sound respectful.
Thank YouShukriya (pronounced: shu-cree-ya)
orDhanyavaad (pronounced: dhun-yuh-vad)
Dhanyavaad is the more formal native for thank you. This expression is taken directly from the old Sanskrit language and also is not often used.
The more common native for thank you is shukriya which is considered an ext colloquial and also is additionally easier to pronounce for English speakers.
say Shukriya to market you a help
Excuse me/I"m sorryMaaf keejiye (pronounced: maf kee-gee-yay)
India has actually a lot of of people so if you room taking public transport or walking on a liven street, you might find you yourself needing the word "excuse me". However, in Hindi, over there is no direct translation because that this English phrase.
Instead, world are likely to say "I"m sorry" as they push past which in Hindi is maaf keejiye. This expression can additionally be provided if you must interrupt who or get their fist to asking a question.
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Being Polite with Honorifics in Hindi
In Indian culture, there is a large emphasis on respect and formality. Because of this, Hindi has a most honorifics or titles that are offered to present respect to someone based upon their societal position or age.
When speak Hindi come someone who is older 보다 you or of greater social standing, that is considered rude to use their an initial name. Instead, there room a few different honorifics that deserve to be used in various situations.
One honorific the you will hear many when visiting India is words ji (pronounced choose the English letter "G"). Ji can be used for human being of both genders and is inserted at the end of someone"s name to suggest your respect for the person.
For example, Gandhi, the famous Indian political activist, is often referred to together Gandhiji by Indians.
Auntie and also Uncle
For numerous occasions, ji deserve to sound too respectful and formal. If you want to describe someone that is older 보다 you, you deserve to use the state "auntie" or "uncle". Ind will often refer to women middle-aged and older together aunties and men of the same age as uncles.
Bhaiya and also Didi
If the human is close to the same age as you yet still a small older or the a higher social standing then you deserve to use the terms brother or sister i m sorry in Hindi are bhaiya (pronounced favor by-ya) because that elder brother and also didi (pronounced prefer deedee) because that elder sister.
What other Languages are spoken in India?
Hindi is the many widely talked language in India and practically every human in the nation learns Hindi in school, however, because India is together a diverse country most states also have their very own languages. Because that example, in the state that Assam, most people speak Assamese and in the state the Bengal, most world speak Bengali.
Even though every state has its own language, travelers speaking Hindi will be easily understood in most of north India.
But southern India is a various story.
There is a large cultural divide in between North and also South India and also some the the southerly states do not think that they should have to learn Hindi as it is not the language of their ancestors. Therefore, many south Indians execute not speak Hindi or find out it in school.
Luckily, in this states, English is talked very fluently. Many travelers have few issues when interacting with English in southern India.
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