What to be a Plank House?The Plank house was a typical structure supplied as a house format that was constructed by countless tribes the the Pacific Northwest Coast social group who made them your homes. The windowless Plank dwellings varied in size however were built in a rectangular shape utilizing planks of lumber from red cedar trees. People who carved totem poles contained these in ~ the former of the Plank house displaying the ancestry and also the social rank that the occupants. The former of the Plank home might also be painted through special pet totems and symbols.

Native American HousesSite Index

Plank home DefinitionDefinition: The Plank residence is a dwelling do from the red cedar tree consisting timber of hand-split pink a log framework over v an inner pit. Plank houses were used by assorted tribes follow me the Pacific Northwest coast from north California every the way up to Alaska. Plenty of of the Plank houses developed by the Northwest coast tribes to be painted with sophisticated designs and symbols and also a couple of of the people featured combined Totem Poles in the entranceway of your home. The surname "Plank House" derives indigenous the construction an approach that used long, thin, flat pieces of lumber (planks) in the building and also flooring of these distinctive houses.

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Who stayed in a Plank House? Northwest shore Tribes

The Plank residence was typically used together a house by the Northwest coast Native Indian tribes who inhabited locations with tall thick forests, oceans and rivers. Their places stretched throughout the claims of Washington, parts of Oregon, south east Alaska, british Columbia, the Yukon in Canada, Queen Charlotte Islands and Vancouver Island where the climate was an extremely warm summers and cold, rain drenched winters. The name of the Northwest shore tribes who stayed in the Plank House homes in the southern components of the an ar included the Clatsop, Cowlitz, Kathlamet and also Wahkiakum.

Plank home Totem PolesThe an ext northern tribes, who also erected totem poles, contained the Tlingit, Haida, Bella Coola, Chinook, Tsimshian and the shore Salish tribes.

Plank House

Interesting Facts and also information about the Plank HouseDefinition, pictures and description of the Plank HouseBuilt together a shelter and house format by people of the Pacific Northwest Coast cultural groupFast Facts, pictures and also description of the Plank house - Exterior and interiorInteresting Homework source for youngsters on the background of the native American Indians

Plank home VillagesMany that the Northwest tribes resided in villages in i beg your pardon the Plank homes were arranged in a single line parallel with the river or stream along which the village was located. Large permanent winter villages had up to 40 Plank Houses, housing up 1000 people. The Plank homes varied in size however were built to house a several household groups. The home of a chief was the largest, measuring as much as 300 feet (90 m) long. Throughout the summer season countless of the people would relocate location. The towns all had actually fish-drying racks, sweathouses and workspaces to build canoes that dominated the town shoreline. The building of the plank residence was such that the wall planks to be secured with cedar ropes to the upright posts and also beams. This allowed the civilization to deconstruct your homes and take the wall planks with them to the next location. The main structure of the Plank house was left undamaged until the people returned and reconstructed their dwellings ready because that the winter season.
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Mojave California Redwood Plank house with a Ramada

Other tribes who constructed Plank Houses
The Plank House construction was offered by various other tribes such as the Mojave who populated California. These plank homes were built in comparable styles come the Northwest coast tribes however included additions such as a Ramada, a basic shelter the was open on at the very least three sides providing shade during the summer.

Every tribe pick a form of housing to suit their lifestyle, the climate, the environment and the herbal resources (known as biomes) the were available to them, and also the people who built Plank houses were no different. The Mojave made good use that the California redwood trees to build their houses.

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How was a Plank home built?The process, technique and materials used to construct a Plank home were as follows:


The building of a Plank home was well planned and also required participation for cut the cedar timber for the constructionA pit to be dug 1-3 feet deep and roughly the very same size as the dwellingThe huge houses differed in size and also ranged indigenous 20 to 60 feet large and native 50 to 150 feet long. The men split slabs from the straight-grained red cedar trees and stripped off the branches. Broad boards (planks), bark slabs, posts and also poles were ready The strong log frame of the Plank house usually contained 8 main write-ups that were peg-joined come 4-6 roof beamsA frame of smaller sized poles to be tied to the wall posts & rafter beamsThe wall planks to be secured to the upright posts and also beams with cedar ropes, or just slotted or wedged in between the polesWall planks were aligned vertically or horizontallyThere to be no home windows in a Plank House. Rafters can be quickly removed to listed light and ventilation during the summer. Smoke-holes v movable bark covers detailed a acting hole as soon as cookingThe pit, used for storage and refuse, was extended with floorboardsThe Plank house was accessed via a doorway or because that some people featured a Portal or Entryway Totem Pole with which a person gone into the house.
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"Interior the Habitation at Nootka Sound"by man Webber, April 1778

Plank home InteriorThe Plank house interior contained a main hearth, consisting of a fire pit encircled through stones, with a big pot for food preparation the meals. Dishes because that food and also cooking utensils were beautifully carved from wood. The central communal an are in the Plank home was flanked through benches provided as seats and for sleeping. Beds were located on the floor or benches and consisted that dried grasses that were covered with animal hides. The storage pit was offered to store dried fish, vegetables, and also clothing. An individual possessions to be stored in baskets, warehouse pits or hung native the rafters. The fire constantly smouldered in the hearth, and also over time the walls of the residences were thoroughly blackened. The homes of the crucial families had actually supporting write-ups elaborately sculpted depicting grotesque symbolic figures. Part plank homes were partitioned lodges, housing different family members.
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