Meet theAfrican bush Elephant

The African shrub elephant is the biggest land mammal in the world and also the largest of the 3 elephant species. Adults reach approximately 24 feet in length and 13 feet in height and weigh approximately 11 tons. Together herbivores, they spend much of their days foraging and also eating grass,leaves, bark, fruit, and also a selection of foliage. They should eat about 350 pounds that vegetation every day.

You are watching: How do elephants protect themselves from predators

African bush elephants space alsoknown together African savanna elephants. Their variety spans a range of habitats, from the open savanna to the desert, and also can be found in most African countries. Afri elephants live as much as 70 years—longer than any kind of other mammal other than humans.

African bush elephant in southern Africa Elephant in southern Africa © Max Freund/fStop structure

Elephant herds space matriarchal, consist of of connected females and their young and also are led through the eldest female, referred to as the matriarch. Adult male elephants rarely join a herd and also often lead a solitary life, just approaching herds because that mating. Females give birth come a solitary calf after ~ a 22 month gestation, the longest gestation duration among mammals.

A wild african elephant born today might live for an ext than 60 year if she has enough safe, healthy and balanced habitat.

To provide her that chance, we’re working v partners on a holistic method to elephant conservation.

TNC Africa Conservation director Matt Brown walks us through the results—and what they can mean for the future of preservation in Zambia.

Read the full interview here.


Elephants have complex maps in their heads of large landscapes that encompass water points, saltpans, and also even hazard zones. Youngsters learn these courses from your mothers and also pass lock on come their very own offspring. TNC and its partners are sharing several of these courses with Kenya’s government so that new development enables for safer passage the elephants.

Read the full story here.

Zambia's Elephants Elephants are Mapping Kenya’s Future utilizing Fireworks to conserve Elephants in Tanzania

What provides African elephants different?

Both males and also females have visible tusksTheir large ears space shaped choose the continent that AfricaA an extremely long prehensile nose (trunk) v two finger-like featuresAn elephant\"s tribe is a strong appendage, with more than 40,000 muscles and tendons that have the right to lift an ext than 400 pounds at once. Yet its sensitive tip has actually two finger-like projections, i m sorry an elephant can use to manipulate very little objects. Elephants suck water up v the trunk and also then blow it into their mouths for a drink or onto your backs as a cooling mist.

Both male and also female afri elephants have visible tusks. Elephants use their tusks to traction bark turn off trees, dig up roots and also water holes, and for protection. Males additionally use tusks for sparring various other males for adjustment opportunities. Males through the biggest tusks sire the many offspring. However, poaching unnaturally removes theose v the largest tusks from the population, leading to some elephants to currently be born with smaller sized or missing tusks.

How is TNC helping save elephants in Kenya and Tanzania? Where are we concentrating our efforts and why?

The require for anti-poaching efforts is still very real. We’re all seeing that wherein there is far better frontline defense there is much less poaching, yet we aren’t out of the woods yet. In addition to supporting crucial frontline security work, another large piece of ourAfrican Elephant Initiativeis keeping big spaces open for elephants come live ...

How is TNC helping conserve elephants in Kenya and also Tanzania? Where room we concentrating our efforts and why?

The require for anti-poaching efforts is still an extremely real. We’re every seeing that where there is much better frontline defense there is less poaching, however we aren’t the end of the woods yet. In addition to supporting an important frontline defense work, another large piece the ourAfrican Elephant Initiativeis keeping large spaces open up for elephants to live and thrive.

Amboseli will certainly forever be known as a real stronghold because that elephants. Decades-long study on the elephant population here tells us that elephants move south from Amboseli into the woodlands of mountain Kilimanjaro. If we deserve to keep Enduimet open and also viable, we room both protecting an essential hectares that land for elephants and helping boost livelihoods for regional communities. A crucial vision for this area is to have the ability to showcase in future years the Maasai living follow me the north border of Tanzania room seeing a better life with elephants alive. Today, i am not sure that is the case.

What go TNC lug to the table?

TNC’s duty is to identify high priority locations to emphasis our conservation efforts and also to convene the ideal partners to have lasting impact. We’ve learned whereby elephants move thanks to data accumulated by general practitioners collars and this helps us pinpoint vital movement and dispersal corridors come protect. Us can’t safeguard these huge wild places alone and also that’s where our partner come in. We’ve joined pressures with NGOsHoneyguideandBig Life Foundationto job-related with the local communities on much better managing this area and also developing an ext wildlife-based tourism revenue. We’re working on a collaborative conservation activity plan to gain us all concentrated on techniques that will have the best positive impact.

We’ll be improving exactly how their defense patrols collect, share, and also use data, i m sorry will allow them come adapt and deploy where trouble flares up. To ensure the tourism revenue is well managed, and to additional increase confidence among potential funders, we’re helping WMA leaders enhance their accountancy and reporting systems.

In the long run, us hope the Enduimet will have actually a sustainable future. If successful, we’ll store this wildlife corridor open.

What will happen if the wildlife corridor is severed? Why can\"t elephants be happy in just one the the national parks?

One that the side impacts of person encroachment and unplanned farming expansion is the there’s a lot of human-wildlife conflict. Elephants raid cornfields and also local neighborhood members can lose 30-50% of their crops in one night’s feast. The people retaliate by joining together and killing an elephant, even if it’s no the same trouble elephant the did the damage. Castle killing out of revenge. This drives more human-wildlife conflict and also has a an unfavorable impact ~ above the elephant population we’re trying to protect.

As elephant, lion, and other wildlife populaces increase, girlfriend see an ext and an ext conflict. Plants destroyed, cattle killed. Adhered to by retaliation through humans. By much better designating habitat and encouraging world to recognize the ways they can advantage from wildlife, us can assist stop an adverse impacts in between the two.

There are also some tactics we deserve to use to assist people live v wildlife. For example, tracking lions makes it feasible to alert ar members to relocate their livestock into new areas to protect against predation when lions room nearby. Occurring crop defense teams and ensuring the the viable elephant corridors remain open grasslands quite than being grew are proven tactics as well.

It\"s not around preventing expansion, yet steering breakthrough in the right direction. Are we trying to reclaim any type of land that\"s to be lost?

There’s still sufficient habitat in this area that we don’t have to reclaim any kind of land that’s been lost. We’re stemming the tide.

Why carry out elephants proceed to be an essential part of TNC\"s conservation story?

Elephants room a vital focal varieties that assist us recognize where to emphasis our conservation initiatives throughout Africa since they require such big habitats to exist and thrive. They shift north, south, east, and also west v forests and also grasslands every year. If a device works for elephants, it generally works because that impala, zebra, giraffe, kudu, lion, and also other types that utilize comparable habitat.

Is the really feasible to save room because that elephants as Africa grows?

Absolutely. The protected locations today are the heart and lungs that Africa. What we’re do the efforts to carry out is create a totality circulatory mechanism where elephants and other wildlife—which do disperse external of protected areas—can stay viable. Even if we have to triage and also let go of some locations where there are elephants today, we understand we have those key an important areas come fall back on. Enduimet is a great example of one of these crucial areas since you have two nationwide parks and a ar area in between. Together a result, you have actually a higher chance the success than you would with locations that are not surrounding to two national parks.

I believe that we can see development. I think that we deserve to see growth in Kenya and also Tanzania. It’s about finding smart development opportunities. There’s value in tourism and that’s an ext evident now than ever before before. We need to continue to prioritize the vital areas and improve administration in these critical places by bringing an ext benefit to neighborhood communities. This is our key strategy because that lands defense in Africa. We have been working on this technique with partners for the previous 10 years.

See more: How Popular Is Country Music Popular In Europe Have Country Music

In those crucial areas, elephants have the right to persist. We simply need an excellent master planning, government support, and communities come realize raised benefits that wildlife. If we have the right to do this in the most an important areas, then we can defend elephants as development occurs. We also need donors and also businesses that space excited around this heavy lifting. And there’s an chance for governments to important realize the worth of transparently sharing how resources flow from travel sectors right into communities and the conservation efforts there. Wildlife is a natural source and it need to be viewed that way.