Motifs space recurring structures, contrasts, and also literary tools that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes.

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In the beginning of “The Hearth and also the Salamander,” Montag’s bedroom is described very first as “not empty” and also then as “indeed empty,” due to the fact that Mildred is physically there, but her thoughts and feelings room elsewhere. Bradbury’s repeated use of together paradoxical statements—especially that a personality or point is dead and also alive or there and not there—is frequently applied to Mildred, saying her empty, half-alive condition. Bradbury also uses this paradoxical explanation to explain the “Electric-Eyed Snake” stomach pump and, later, the mechanical Hound. This paradoxes inquiry the truth of beings the are reportedly living however spiritually dead. Ultimately, Mildred and also the rest of her culture seem to be not much much more than machines, thinking just what they room told come think. The culture of Fahrenheit 451 is a society of insubstantiality and unreality, and Montag desperately seeks an ext substantial truths in the books he hoards.

Animal and Nature Imagery

Animal and nature imagery pervades the novel. Nature is presented together a pressure of innocence and truth, start with Clarisse’s adolescent, reverent love for nature. She convinces Montag to taste the rain, and the experience transforms him irrevocably. His escape from the city into the country is a revelation to him, showing him the enlightening power of unspoiled nature. Much of the novel’s pet imagery is ironic. Although this culture is i heard with technology and ignores nature, plenty of frightening mechanical devices are modeled after or named for animals, such as the Electric-Eyed Snake device and the mechanically Hound.


Fahrenheit 451 includes a variety of religious references. Mildred’s friends remind Montag of icons he when saw in a church and did not understand. The language Bradbury offers to define the enameled, painted functions of the artefacts Montag experienced is comparable to the language he uses to define the firemen’s irreversible smiles. Faber invokes the Christian value of forgiveness: after Montag turns against society, Faber reminds the that since he was when one that the faithful, that should demonstrate pity fairly than fury.

The narrative also contains references to the wonder at Canaa, wherein Christ changed water into wine. Faber explains himself together water and Montag as fire, asserting the the merger of the two will develop wine. In the biblical story, Jesus Christ’s revolution of water into wine was one of the miracles that confirmed his identity and also instilled faith in his duty as the savior. Montag longs to check his own identity through a comparable self-transformation.

The references to fire are much more complex. In the Christian tradition, fire has actually several meanings: indigenous the pagan blaze in which the golden calf to be made to Moses’ burning bush, that symbolizes both turoulend heresy and divine presence. Fire in Fahrenheit 451 additionally possesses inconsistent meanings. In ~ the beginning, the is the auto of a restrictive society, but Montag turns it top top his oppressor, using it come burn Beatty and also win his freedom.

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Finally, Bradbury provides language and imagery from the bible to deal with the novel. In the critical pages, as Montag and Granger’s group walk upriver to discover survivors ~ the bombing of the city, Montag to know they will at some point talk, and he tries come remember appropriate passages native the Bible. He bring to mind Ecclesiastes 3:1, “To everything there is a season,” and also Revelations 22:2, “And ~ above either side of the flow was over there a tree the life . . . And the pipeline of the tree were because that the heal of the nations,” which the decides to conserve for as soon as they with the city. The city from Revelations likewise speaks the the holy city that God, and also the last heat of the book, “When us reach the city,” suggests a solid symbolic connection between the atom holocaust the Montag’s world and the Apocalypse that the Bible.