Cry the lover Country is a moving and also profound work that encounters the society ills of south African culture that led as much as the institution of apartheid - the nationwide policy the segregation and also discrimination on the basis of race. While there are countless themes that operation throughout the work, the layout of fear is probably one that the many compelling. The fear that plagues south African culture transcends race; it is feeling by both the black and white populaces alike. In Cry, the lovely Country, Paton movingly and intelligently analyzes the black and also white fears and the roots of those fear which are ruining the very soul of southern Africa throughout this pre-apartheid era.

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Patan introduces the basic theme of fear indirectly yet an extremely effectively at the beginning of the book. Chapter I opens with two really beautifully written paragraphs relenten of the natural beauty that the african landscape neighboring Kumalo\"s town of Ndotsheni.

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The reader can nearly feel the peace, beauty and also fullness of the land. However in the third paragraph, Paton unexpectedly contrasts the photo of the rich and beautiful hills to the barren, wasted and dying valley, \"But the rich eco-friendly hills break down. They autumn to the sink below….they flourish red and also bare…the streams are dry…\", and, \"The great red hills was standing desolate and also the planet has torn away choose flesh\" (34). This abrupt and sharp comparison of the landscape and also its gift \"torn away favor flesh\", symbolizes the violence and also devastation led to by segregation. It additionally gives the reader a sense of foreboding that there is lot to are afraid for the land and also people of south Africa in ~ this dark suggest in that history.

Throughout the novel, Paton supplies the protagonist, Stephen Kumalo, to voice the fear felt by the indigenous black south Africans. There space a number the reoccur in the novel. An initial is the are afraid for the survive of the soil itself. Next is the are afraid for survival of the native people who live in a people that is no longer made for them. Finally is the are afraid of the white regulations which give blacks no justice in ~ all. Fear for the survival southern Africa\"s landscape weighs greatly on Kumalo\"s mind. The once rich and fertile south African see is being physically destroyed by an economic system instituted by the whites because that their very own gain. Simply as Johannesburg prospered to support the yellow mines and also industries, various other cities favor Odendaalsrust will likewise rise up in areas where yellow is gift discovered, eventually disastrous the herbal beauty of the land, \"There to be nothing there however the flat rolling veld…nothing but sheep and also cattle and native herd boys…a ar of maize. There was nothing there that looked choose a mine except the drilling machines and patient designers probing the mysteries that the earth…\" The see suffers as soon as the mining begins.

Along v the devastation that the afri landscape is the destruction of the culture of whole race of civilization who have actually been moved off of their land through white laws and also industrialization. The tribal natives who stand for the majority of the southern African populace must exist on tiny parcels the the an extremely poorest land, \"there to be too little land…the natives could not support themselves top top it, also with the most steady methods the agriculture\" (163). Can not to assistance their family members by farming little pieces of dying land, young people leave their tribal towns and means of life to earn low incomes working in the gold mines or functioning for white skin - man in Johannesburg. The mine operators rely on cheap black color labor to boost their profits, however refuse to provide any housing, education and learning or medical treatment for your laborers\" families. Indigenous women, children and also old people are left alone in the barren towns to fend for themselves. Rather who move near your husbands and fathers must rent scarce high value rooms or live together squatters in the shanty towns that feather up near the mines, \"And this is shanty town…these disastrous habitations…a paper of iron, a few planks, hessian and grass, an old door from some forgotten house…but what will certainly they do when it rains…when that is winter?\" (94). Paton points the end that the is one injustice that the yellow industry gives whites through power and financial security while it impoverishes and oppresses the native population. In Arthur Jarvis\" own words, \"It is not permissible to include to one\"s possessions if these things have the right to only be excellent at the price of other men.\" (178). In summary, Kumalo deeply fears because that the land and also the future of the native civilization who live in a people that is no much longer made for them. The black tribal system has been damaged by white greed and fear, and also there is no social college to take it its place.

In addition, the judge\"s sentencing the Absalom in thing 28 demonstrates the blacks\" are afraid of the white laws which provide them no justice. This are afraid is well established by the truth that apartheid to be legalized in 1948. Return the referee acknowledges and also admits the social conditions in southern Africa space responsible because that Absalom\"s actions, \"He has dealt profoundly through the disaster that has overwhelmed our native tribal society…has argued cogently the our very own complicity in this disaster. However even if it is true…out that fear and selfishness and thoughtlessness, wrought a destruction that we have done little to repair, even if that is true that we have to be ashamed and also do something much more courageous….\", that still finds Absalom guilty that murder because the judge have to obey the legislation that the \"defective society\" has actually made. (233). In various other words, the referee realizes that the inequities led to by segregation contribute to the violence and also crime the exist in society, however, in this fearful environment, reason and also conscience cannot win over prejudice and also the whites\" desire to store their wealth and also privilege in ~ the price of social inequality.

White Africans, Afrikaners and English also live in fear, \"Have no doubt, the is fear in the land. Because that what have the right to men do as soon as so many have grown lawless?\" (106). White civilization fear the natives\" violence and also lawlessness caused by the injustices and also inequities brought around by the segregation they instituted. They fear the native population that considerably outnumbers theirs, and also that is capable of worse violence if the case does no improve. It is fear that encourages the white skin - man to save the blacks oppressed; are afraid of the economic, social, and political changes that black equality would bring. Whites fear losing the cheap black labor i m sorry contributes to your wealth. Regarding the problem of paying blacks reasonably and giving them v education and also housing, one white human comments, \"…better paid work will not just buy more, yet read more, ask more and will not be content to it is in forever voiceless and also inferior\" (110). The whites\" desire to save the blacks \"voiceless and inferior\" for their an individual gain is the reason of the fear they live with.

Lastly, the is exciting to note that by enabling the leader to \"hear\" the voices of white world discussing the native difficulty in thing XII, Paton demonstrates the they are all an extremely fearful and also very divided ~ above the issues and solutions relating come the native blacks. It appears that couple of whites, with the exemption of civilization like Arthur Jarvis, truly know the black suffer in southern Africa. Most probably don\"t also want to shot to understand, together it is too complicated, and easier to leave points as they are.

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To summarize, fear is felt by all, black and white, in pre-apartheid southern Africa. The beautiful i on web page 111, \"Cry, the lover country, for the unborn boy that is the inheritor of our fear…Let him no love the planet too deeply…for are afraid will rob him of all if he provides too much…\" applies equally to the black and white populations. Paton\"s blog post in the novel seems to be that uneven segregation is stopped and also dignity and also fairness is given to every men, the are afraid that is break the country apart will certainly continue and worsen until all hope for both black and also white southern Africans is lost.