In to teach Flat plane Shapes and Solid Shapes, we check out different features for flat and also solid shapes. This great extends those concepts by having students identify and count details attributes of hard shapes, such as vertices or edges. The is designed for students in grades K–1 but can be extended or simplified to adjust for your students’ readiness.

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Objective: In this lesson, students will check out the parts that consist of solid figures.

Lesson: Identify and also Analyze solid Figures

Materials: One rectangle-shaped prism, cube, sphere, cone, cylinder, and pyramid because that each group of students.

Preparation: distribution solid figures to groups of students.

Prerequisite an abilities and Background: college student should have the ability to recognize and also name hard figures.

Say: A face is a flat surface that a hard object. Show students the idea by holding increase a solid object such together a rectangle-shaped prism and asking if anyone can identify a face of the object.Say: Put the other solid numbers aside because that now.Ask: Which solid number has faces that are rectangles? (rectangular prism)Say: Count the number of faces a rectangle-shaped prism has. Mark each challenge as you count. To note the faces temporarily, use stickers or difficult notes. Copy the table below as students are working so that all students have the right to see it.

Teacher Tips:

For her materials, if possible, use real human being examples the relate to her students’ interests. For example, if few of your students pat a sport that provides a spherical ball, you might make castle a group and use the ball.Because so lot of this lesson relies on evaluating and assessing physical objects, it works well because that students who are visually impaired. In place of the table below, describe what details you room looking for and also have students define the same information for each of the heavy figures.
Ask: How many faces go a rectangle-shaped prism have? (6) record 6 top top the table.Say: The heat segment wherein two faces meet is one edge. Hold up a heavy figure and show students an example of an edge. counting the variety of edges a rectangular prism has. Mark every edge together you count. Comparable to faces, usage a marker, stickers, or difficult notes.Ask: How plenty of edges go a rectangular prism have? (12) document 12 top top the table.Say: The allude where edges fulfill is a vertex. Counting the number of vertices a rectangle-shaped prism has. Mark every vertex together you count.Ask: How countless vertices does a rectangle-shaped prism have? (8) record 8 on the table.Have students find the number of faces, edges, and also vertices of a cube and a pyramid. Record the answer in the table.

Teacher Tip: because that students not yet ready for the mathematical vocabulary supplied here, you have the right to use side instead of edge and corner instead of vertex.

Ask: Why carry out you think that a rectangle-shaped prism and a cube have the same number of faces, edges, and vertices? Lead students come realize the the faces of a rectangle-shaped prism and also a cube space all rectangles, but in the case of the cube, the rectangles space squares. A cube is a special kind of rectangular prism.

Faces, Edges, and Vertices for curved Surfaces

Say: Take out your solid figures that have actually curved surfaces. Look in ~ the sphere.Ask: Does a sphere have any kind of edges or vertices? (no) Why not?This is no a basic question and also requires thinking critically around what an leaf or vertex is. For example, plenty of real-world objects that we call spheres, such as soccer balls, space in fact complex solid shapes with numerous edges and also vertices. Consider using think-pair-share, wherein students individually think v their reasoning, re-superstructure it through a partner, and then girlfriend facilitate a discussion about how a sphere has no faces, so it can not have any edges, and because it has actually no edges, it can’t have any vertices.Say: Look in ~ the cone.Ask: Does a cone have any type of edges? (no) Why not? Again, consider using think-pair-share. Stop telling students that they are ideal or wrong. Instead, lead them to watch that a cone only has one face, and also you need much more than one face to type an edge.Ask: Does a cone have any vertices? Lead college student to see that a cone has actually no edge (at the very least no straight ones!), yet the point where the surface ar of the cone ends is referred to as the vertex of the cone.Say: Look in ~ the cylinder.Ask: Does a cylinder have any kind of edges or vertices? (no) Why not? Although a cylinder has actually two faces, the deals with don’t meet, therefore there room no edge or vertices.

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Wrap-Up and also Assessment Hints

To evaluate students’ understanding, you can introduce a brand-new solid shape, such as a triangular prism, and have students fill out another row of the chart.

To explore much more attributes of consistent solid figures, ask inquiries such together the following:

Which solid figures have opposite faces that space parallel? (rectangular prism, cube, cylinder)Which solid figures have opposite deals with that are congruent? (rectangular prism, cube, cylinder, pyramid)Which solid figure has every congruent faces? (cube)

Through questioning strategies such together these, girlfriend will be able to judge her students’ knowledge of solid figures. Because that students who are ready, you have the right to ask concerns that stretch into higher grade standards and also promote a deeper knowledge of solid figures:

What would certainly the cross-section of a solid look at like? how would it change depending top top what edge you use?How might you number out just how much fluid it would require to fill increase the shape?


Looking for more free kindergarten and very first grade mathematics lessons and also activities? check out our ever-growing library right here on Shaped!