OBJECTIVES: Distinguishing between electromagnetic and also physical waves. To compare diffraction, reflection and refraction. VOCABULARY:

diffraction interference have fun refraction tide MATERIALS: mirrortuning forkalien ballslinky laser flashlight

Students determine species of waves created by various items.

You are watching: Difference between reflection refraction and diffraction

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BACKGROUND:

Waves are a method by i m sorry power travels. Plenty of different particles relocate in waves. The tide on an ocean are physics waves caused greatly by wind. Irradiate is an electromagnetic wave led to by excited electrons. The motion of a wave is complicated, yet both electromagnetic and physical tide use comparable ways to describe the motion.

Both electromagnetic and physical waves reflect, refract and diffract energy. This properties that wave motion are important because they define how waves move. Waves (both physical and electromagnetic) if controlled, deserve to produce assets we usage in ours society. The phone, television, radio, microwaves, CD players, lasers, video clip players and also many various other items are assets produced by understanding these waves. The details in this lessons emphasize the prominence of understanding waves.

Diffraction is when a tide goes with a small hole and has a flared out geometric zero of the slit. Diffraction is a characteristics of waves of all types. We can hear about a corner because of the diffraction that sound waves. Because that instance, if a wall surface is alongside you as soon as you yell, the sound will certainly parallel the wall. The wall may stop, but the voice doesn"t; sound will practically turn the corner of the wall. This is diffraction.

Reflection is once waves, even if it is physical or electromagnetic, bounce native a surface back toward the source. A mirror shows the photo of the observer.

Refraction is as soon as waves, even if it is physical or electromagnetic, space deflected as soon as the tide go with a substance. The wave generally alters the edge of its basic direction.

See more: There Were Five Dollars Active Or Passive, Categorize Each Sentence Below As Using Either

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PROCEDURE:

In this lab, students determine which case illustrates diffraction, reflection, and refraction. Talk about the main definition of every term. Have students walk to the different stations, perform the activity, and decide which motion the waves space producing. Some of materials presented in photo below.

The adhering to will aid in setup up stations.

to fill a clear glass partly with water and put a pencil or other form of pole in it. Instruct students come look at the side. The student will watch an off-centered pencil. The irradiate is being refracted by the water, therefore our eyes check out the pencil in two different mediums. Answer: electromagnetic (light); refraction make 3 sets of slits through a razor in a sheet of aluminum silver paper (like diagram). Put the laser in a darkened edge with a box on the peak (so college student won"t stare at the light). Instruct students to placed each of the slits in former of the light and also record what castle see. The light will get elongated i beg your pardon illustrates the the light is actually diffracted or "flaring outward." where the slits are double, the irradiate will have actually bright and dark areas. This is referred to as interference. Carry out not suppose students to understand what actually reasons this. Answer: electromagnetic (light); diffraction
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Instruct students come hit the tines the a tuning fork (in kit) and place the tines ~ above the surface of the water. Waves will move from the facility of vibration. Notification that the pattern spreads from the center and also causes small ripples. This mirrors not just diffraction but likewise interference similar to that in station 2. Answer: physics wave; diffraction making use of a spoon, instruct students come hit the surface ar of the water in a pan of water. The ripples must be big enough to hit the finish of the pie tin and also reflect backwards. However, students might only watch the spreading outward and also call this diffraction. Answer: physical wave, reflection and/or diffraction (students need to justify answer) Instruct two students extend the slinky in a right line about 1 meter. One student have to push earlier several of the coils and also then relax them. The waves will certainly go down the slinky and also reflect indigenous the various other end and bounce back. Answer: physics wave, reflection. Instruct two students to prolong the rope. One need to snap their wrist to develop an oscillating wave. The wave shows backwards once it hits the various other student. Answer: physics wave, have fun Instruct students to shine a small beam the light v a prism (in kit). If the irradiate is angled correctly, they should gain a rainbow effect. Also, placed the prism on the laser light. (This reflects the refraction better). Answer: electromagnetic (light); refraction Instruct students to shine a light on a winter (in kit). (Students may also try the laser light). The light bounces off. Answer: electromagnetic (light); have fun If a beam of light is shone with a lens, the light will refract through the lens and also create a various size photo on the various other side. Answer: electromagnetic (light); refraction The power ball (in kit) will certainly make a sound and also cause light to flash as soon as you use your finger to finish the circuit. Answer: both physical (sound) and also electromagnetic (light); diffraction the light and sound