Almost all organic compounds are made up of carbon and hydrogen. These compounds are further grouped together aromatic and also aliphatic compounds.

You are watching: Difference between aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons

The core difference in between aromatic and aliphatic compounds is that aromatic compounds save on computer benzene ring if aliphatic compounds carry out not contain a benzene ring.


What Are aromatic Compounds?

Aromatic compounds room organic compounds the have distinctive benzene rings. The fragrant ring has actually a twin bond in between the hydrocarbons.

The benzene ring has six carbon atom that are cyclically bonded v the alternating double bond.

The conjugation process experienced in aromatic compound often tends to give them a different chemical habits when compared to various other compounds.

Examples of fragrant compounds are benzene, toluene, naphthalene xylene, and aniline

What room Aliphatic Compounds?

Aliphatic compounds room hydrocarbons that execute not have benzene rings. The organic compound is also known together a non-aromatic compound.

The aliphatic compound are additional grouped as cyclic hydrocarbon, linear, branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons.

The carbon atoms in the compound can be attached to hydrogen atoms either as single or double or triple bonds.

The saturated hydrocarbon is created when the carbon and hydrogen atoms are single-bonded. Unsaturated hydrocarbon is developed when carbon and also hydrogen atoms space either double or triple bonded.

Examples that aliphatic compounds room alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and derivatives.

Comparison Chart: aromatic Vs Aliphatic Compounds

Basic TermsAromatic CompoundsAliphatic Compounds
MeaningThey are hydrocarbons the contain a benzene ringThey room organic link that carry out not save on computer a benzene ring
ReactionsReact under distinct conditionsReact much more freely and easily
TypesOnly cyclicEither cyclic or linear
Saturation PotentialOccur as saturated onlyOccur as either saturation or unsaturated
ConjugationTend to be conjugated because of the alternating dual bondNot conjugated
Benzene RingPresentAbsent
OdorTend to have actually a sweet satisfied smellTend to be odorless
Electron delocalizationCan observe as an electron delocalized cloudNo electron delocalization
Flame testA sooty flame is produced when burntA sooty flame is not developed when burnt
ExamplesBenzene, toluene, naphthalene xylene, and also anilineAlkanes, Alkenes, and also Alkynes

Core Difference in between Aliphatic and Aromatic Compounds

Aromatic compounds room organic compounds through benzene ring in their structure while aliphatic compounds space hydrocarbon there is no benzene ring in their structureAromatic compounds reaction under special problems while aliphatic compounds reaction freely and also easilyCyclic is the only form of aromatic compound when linear and cyclic are the two species of aliphatic compoundsAromatic compounds room saturated constantly whereas aliphatic compounds room either saturated or unsaturatedAromatic compounds often tend to conjugate because of alternating double bond if aliphatic compound do not conjugateThe fragrant compound has actually a benzene ring while aliphatic compound do notAromatic compounds develop sweet odor while aliphatic compounds room odorlessAromatic compounds create a sooty flame when burnt while aliphatic compounds execute not produce a sooty flame once burningExamples of fragrant compounds space benzene, toluene, naphthalene xylene, and aniline while aliphatic compounds instances are alkenes, alkanes, and also alkynesAromatic compounds watch electron delocalization if aliphatic compounds execute not.

Read More: Difference between Compound and also Mixtures

Comparison Video


Aromatic compounds contain benzene rings hence react under distinct conditions. Aliphatic compounds carry out not save benzene ring but react an ext easily and can either be saturated or unsaturated.

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