May 18, 2017 at 11:58 to be EDTCHARLOTTE, N.C. — In the 163-page indictment, authorities detailed the background of the unified Blood country as fine as some terminology the is used in the gang.

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In the early on 1970s, a group of seven individual street gangs united and also formed a larger gang referred to as "The Bloods." This gang was formed in Los Angeles, California, however quickly spread to neighboring areas. Thereafter, they expanded across the United states in conjunction with the cracked cocaine epidemic of the 1980s.

The Bloods are damaged into individual systems or "hoods," each figured out or affiliated v a specific street, neighborhood, or area. This hoods utilize typical tattoos, communication codes, language, graffiti markings, and are determined by wearing the color red. Additionally, Bloods maintain a long-term and also often lethal rivalry v the Crips gang, who signature color is blue.

On July 16, 1993, at the George Mochen Detention center on the eastern side the Rikers Island Prison, the "United Blood Nation" (UBN), a single Bloods entity, was created. The was determined by Omar "Original Gangster Mack" Portee and his partner Leonard "Dead Eye" McKenzie, both inmates top top Rikers Island, the the Bloods hoods have to unite in stimulate to safeguard themselves indigenous "The Almighty Latin King Nation," the biggest prison corridor in the brand-new York prison system at the time. The UBN was the East shore offshoot of the California-based "Bloods" and its members are just loosely affiliated with West coast Bloods. All of the Bloods gangs or "hoods" who linked under the UBN were enabled to store their initial names, such as "G-shine," "Nine Trey Gangsters," "Valentine Bloods," and "Sex, Money, Murder." These original hoods were developed based upon your affiliation with specific streets, neighborhoods, areas, or regional gangs.

As these members were released from prison and migrated, the UBN spread throughout the streets of brand-new York and eventually under the East coastline of the unified States.

Once the UBN began to spread out from the prisons come the streets, the members devised password in stimulate to protect against detection from legislation enforcement. Because that instance, the Valentine Bloods became known together the "Tony Starks." The Gangsta Killer Bloods ended up being known by 2 names, the "G-Shine" and also the "Julius B Sunny."

The UBN has due to the fact that spread throughout the East coast of the unified States; however, the can be fried authority for corridor decisions is still preserved in brand-new York and also the brand-new York prison system, defined by UBN members together "up top." The corridor maintains a strict pecking order or chain of command. Although dubbed by various names, such together "the rims," the "stain structure," and/or "the realm structure," the rules room strictly implemented through the chain that command. The UBN gang leadership has a nationwide council ("the Council"). Council members space selected from the leaders, frequently the "Godfathers," of the larger hoods such as the ripe Trey Gangsters.

The structure of the UBN is hierarchical in nature. Each member has a specific rank within the gang, and also this rank come with particular duties and also responsibilities to the "Hood." The UBN supplies a ranking system (otherwise dubbed a "Line Up") frequently disguised through code surname to label the management structure.

All to adjust of the UBN company are governed by a common set of rules. The rule were originally written by the UBN founders, Omar Portee and Leonard McKenzie. There room 31 UBN rules well-known as "The 31." examples of the rules are: Individual gang members room to operate and conduct us as identified by "The 31"; measures for infractions or disciplinary actions; "Snitching," or cooperating with law enforcement, is strictly prohibited.

The rule also collection forth guidance because that communications. The many common and accepted methods for connecting are "kites" (letters that space written native prison and are ceded to various other prisoners, or smuggled in and out that pti boy facilities), moving telephones, contraband moving telephones, message messaging, jail visitation, confront to confront meetings, and also social media.

Inmates have access to telephones in prison, and it is also common for detainees to have access to contraband moving telephones smuggled into prison infrastructure which they use for gang communications.

UBN corridor members use certain words or codes to connect with each other in an effort to stop detection from legislation enforcement and also rival gangs. Some typically used native include:

"Damu," which means "blood" in Swahili"Wood," or "Inglewood," to explain gang understanding (rules, codes, and gang structure)"East Side," to connote loyalty and affiliation to the UBN (the UBN was created on the eastern side the Rikers Island)"Soo Woo," which way "Bloods rule." A greeting the "soo woo" is changed with the greeting that "woo""Five" is a recommendation to a other UBN member"Big homie" describes a higher ranking member, if "big fool" normally refers come the senior ranking member present."Tuition" and "Donation" describe gang dues

Code terms are also used to refer to details actions brought out by UBN gang members or come communicate about intended or performed action in a secure and covert manner. For example:

"Lick," "Rip," "Sunstroke" "Jug," or "Grinding" describe robbery"On the wall" is a suspension of corridor membership"DNA" refers to an interior gang investigation"Green light" way that permission has actually been granted by a greater ranking UBN member come a lower ranking member to carry out an act"Food" and also "on the plate" room gang state which median that the individual gang member or a non-gang member is targeted because that some type of physics attackA "Pow Wow" and a "Nine" describe a gang meeting. Meetings room the an approach by which members the the corridor gather to comment on gang business, administer punishment, and also discuss problems of usual concern.

A "Pow Wow" is called by the greatest ranking member that the neighborhood hood or his designee. There room rules i m sorry govern the tasks to be performed during a "Pow Wow", which include:

Reciting oaths, collecting corridor dues, communicating gang knowledge, discussing rule changes, and issuing punishment"On freeze" method that a member is prevented from conducting corridor business"Behind the wall" refers to a member in prison"Stain" or "Rims" describes rank within the gang, and J. ""Whip" means hood or set

Each hood likewise has terms the are particular to that hood. Because that example, the nine Trey Gangsters members usage the state "93," "Billy," "Billies," "Billy bad Ass," "BBA," and also "0 Trey," amongst others, as a referral to your hood.

Gang dues are built up from every member for the benefit of the UBN organization. A section of the dues are saved and utilized locally, while another portion is sent out up the chain to gang leadership. The monies might be used locally for loans to gang members, as presents to high ranking members who are in jail as a type of respect, come buy cellular telephones for communication in between members in and out the jail, and for other gang-related purposes.

In stimulate to come to be a UBN member, one must be introduced by an existing corridor member. A potential brand-new member is "beat in" (physically beaten because that 31 secs by gang members) and provided with a copy the the UBN history, oaths, and the 31 rules which have to be memorized. This procedure is described as being "brought home." All corridor members are forced to "put in work," definition that they must carry out the order and activities as command by gang leadership.

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While UBN corridor members can often be established by the put on of red clothing, tattoos are also an essential method of membership identification. Common UBN tattoos include:

The letter "M.O.B." which means "Member of Bloods"A five-pointed star (the points of the star represent the 5 points of expertise within the UBN: life, love, loyalty, obedience, and also respect and/or love, truth, justice, freedom, and peace)Three circular brands or burn marks ~ above the skin formed into a triangle, frequently known in the organization as "dog paws," which represent the UBNTattoos that indicate a specific hood.

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