Nereid talk Sea-Monster, Greco-Roman mosaic native Carthage C3rd A.D., Bardo Museum

THE KETEA (Cetea) were the monster of the sea, the two greatest of which were the Ketos (Cetus) slain by Perseus in Aithiopia (Ethiopia) and the Ketos slain by Herakles in ~ Troy.

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Ketea were usually depicted as serpentine fish with long rows of sharp teeth. Nereides often appear riding side-saddle ~ above the backs of these creatures.

Ketos was also a generic word because that any big sea-creature and included mundane whales and also sharks.



Probably PHORKYS & KETO, though i do not have anything stated


KETOS AITHIOPIOS (Ethiopian Cetus) A Sea-Monster sent by Poseidon to ravage Aithiopia (Ethiopia). Andromeda to be chained to the rocks as a sacrifice come the beast but she was rescued by Perseus when he slew it.

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KETOS TROIAS (Trojan Cetus) A Sea-Monster sent out by Poseidon come terrorise Troy. It was slain by Herakles.


Greek Name

Θηρ ΘαλασσιοςΘηρες Θαλλασιοι


Thêr ThalassiosThêres Thalassioi

Latin Name

Belua Ponti


Monsters that the Deep

CLASSICAL literary works QUOTES

Nereid speak Sea-Monster, Apulian red-figure pelike C5th B.C., The J. Paul Getty Museum

Homer, Iliad 13.27 ff (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) :" climbed up into his chariot and drove it throughout the waves. And around him the Ketea (Cetea, Sea-Monsters) came up from your deep places and also played in his path, and also acknowledged their master, one the sea was standing apart prior to him, rejoicing."

Homer, Odyssey 5. 421 ff (trans. Shewring) (Greek epos C8th B.C.) :" ‘I fear that . . . Part god might send out against me, indigenous the brine, a Ketos (Cetus, Sea-Monster), one of the swarming strange substantial creatures in the reproduction grounds the Amphitrite.’"

Aeschylus, Libation Bearers 585 ff (trans. Weir Smyth) (Greek tragedy C5th B.C.) :"Many room the horrors, dread and also appalling, bred the earth, and also the eight of the deep teem with hateful monsters (knôdala antaioi)."

Quintus Smyrnaeus, autumn of troy 2. 418 ff (trans. Way) (Greek epos C4th A.D.) :"She sits in barren crypts that brine: she dwells glorying mid dumb Ketea (Cetea, Sea-Monsters) and also mid fish."

Quintus Smyrnaeus, autumn of trojan 3. 590 ff : " together rushed your troop up silver courses of sea, the overwhelming disported ring them together they came . . . Moaned the Ketea (Cetea, monster of the Deep) plaintively round that train of mourners."

Quintus Smyrnaeus, autumn of trojan 5. 334 ff : "Into the great deep Thetis plunged, and all the Nereides v her. Ring them swam Ketea (Cetea, Sea-monsters) many, youngsters of the brine"

Quintus Smyrnaeus, loss of trojan 12. 444 : " Shuddered the an extremely Ketea Pontos (Cetea, monsters of the Deep)."

Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 3 (trans. Celoria) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :"When the Teukrians (Teucrians) mitted neglectfully to do sacrifices to Poseidon in ~ the early season, the god came to be angry and also destroyed the crops of the goddess . And also he set on lock a prodigious Ketos (Cetus, Sea-Monster) that come out that the sea. Can not to endure the Ketos and the famine, the Teukrians sent a message to Hierax begging that to conserve from the famine. He sent them barley and also wheat and also other foods."

Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. 8 (trans. Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C3rd A.D.) :" Poseidon"s journey over the sea ns think you have come upon in Homer, when he sets forth from Aigai (Aegae) to sign up with the Akhaians (Achaeans), and the sea is calm, escorting him through its sea horses and also its Ketea (Cetea, Sea-Monsters); because that in Homer they follow Poseidon and also fawn top top him together they do here in the painting."

Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. 19 :" The pirate delivery sails v warlike mien; because that it is equipped through prow-beams and beak, and also on board room grappling-irons and also spears and poles armed with scythes. And, in order the it may strike terror right into those lock meet and may look come them like some kind of monster , the is painted through bright colours, and also it appears to see through grim eyes set into that prow, and also the stern curve up in a slim crescent choose the finish of a fish"s tail."

Oppian, Halieutica 1. 360 ff (trans. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd A.D.) :"The Ketea (Cetea, Sea-Monsters) mighty that limb and huge, the wonders of the sea, hefty with strength invincible, a terror because that the eye to behold and also ever armed with fatal rage--many of this thee be that roam the spacious seas, where are the unmapped future of Poseidon, but few of castle come night the shore, those just whose weight the beaches have the right to bear and whom the salt water does not fail. among these space the destructive Lion and the truculent Hammer-head and the deadly Leopard and the dashing Physalos (sperm-whale); amomg them also is the impetuous black gyeongju of the Tunny and the fatal Saw-fish and also the dread offered of the woeful Lamna and the Maltha, named not indigenous soft feebleness, and the damaging Ramas and also the awful weight the the Hyaena, and the ravenous and shameless Dog-fish. Of the Dog-fish there room three races; one fierce race in the deep seas is numbered among the disastrous Ketea (Cetea, Sea-Monsters); two various other races among the mightiest fishes dwell in the deep mud."

Oppian, Halieutica 5. 20 ff : "The large Ketea (Cetea, Sea-Monsters) that room bred in the habitations of Poseidon are, ns declare, no whit meaner 보다 the ravening children of the land, however both in strength and also size the dauntless terror of the sea excel . . . The Ketea that room nurtured in the midst of the seas are very many in number and also of exceeding size. And also not regularly do they come up out of the brine, yet by reason of your heaviness they save the bottom of the sea below. And also they rave for food through unceasing frenzy, being constantly anhungered and never abating the gluttony that their devastating maw : for what food candlestick be sufficient to to fill the void the their ship or sufficient to satisfy and also give a respite to your insatiable jaws? Moreover, they themselves likewise destroy one another, the mightier in valour slaying the weaker, and also one because that the other is food and feast. Often too they lug terror to ships once they satisfy them in the Iberian Sea in the West, whereby chiefly, leaving the infinite waters that the neighbouring Okeanos (Ocean), they roll upon your way, like unto pearl of twenty oars. Often likewise they stray and also come night the beach whereby the water is deep inshore; and there one may strike them . . . ."

Oppian, Halieutica 1. 394 ff : "There are also those amongst the stern Ketea (Cetea, Sea-Monsters) which leave the salt water and also come soon upon the life-giving floor of the dried land. For a long room do eels consort with the shores and the areas beside the sea; so too the shielded Turtle and also the woeful, lamentable Castorids (Beavers), i beg your pardon utter top top the shores your grievous voice of angry omen. He who receives in his ear their voice the sorrow, shall soon be not far from death, however that dread sound prophesies because that him doom and also death. Nay, even the shameless Whale, they say, pipeline the sea for the dry land and basks in the sun. And also Seals in the night-time always leave the sea, and also often in the day-time castle abide at your ease top top the rocks and on the sands and also take their sleep external the sea."

Seneca, Hercules Furens 1204 ff (trans. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) :"Come now, savage monster of the deep (ponti monstra) , now, large sea, and whatever Proteus has actually hidden away in the furthest hollow of his waters, and also hurry me off, me who felt triumph in crime therefore great, to your deep pools."

Statius, Achilleid 1. 55 ff (trans. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) :" the winds and tempest room silent and also with calm song proceed the Tritones who bear his armour and also the rock-like Cete (Cetea, Sea-Monsters) and the Tyrrhenian herds , and gambol around and blow him, saluting your king."

Suidas s.v. Ketos (trans. Suda on Line) (Byzantine Greek Lexicon C10th A.D.) :"Ketos (Cetus, Sea-monster, vast fish, whale) : A naval beast with numerous forms. ‘For it is a lion, a shark, a pard, a puffer-fish,> a saw-fish i m sorry is referred to as malle, which is tough to battle against; and also a ram, an pet hateful come see.’"