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You are watching: An antacid relieves an overly acidic stomach

StatPearls . Sweetheart Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan-.


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Continuing education Activity

Antacids room a team of medicine that have actually been on the market for countless years. Lock were originally first-line defense versus peptic ulcer disease; however, the discovery of proton pump inhibitors revolutionized the treatment of peptic ulcer disease. Currently, antacid use is restricted to relax mild intermittent gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with connected heartburn. This task reviews the indications, contraindications, medicine action, disadvantage events, and other crucial elements of antacid treatment in the clinical setup as relates come the crucial points essential by members of an interprofessional team controlling the treatment of patients v heartburn and mild GERD.

Objectives:
Summarize the indications because that antacid therapy, consisting of relevant interaction with various other medications.
Outline the role of interprofessional coordination in guiding patient care and improving outcomes when using antacid therapy.

Indications

Antacids are a team of drugs that have been ~ above the market for countless years. Lock were originally first-line defense versus peptic ulcer disease; however, the discovery of proton pump inhibitors transformed the therapy of peptic ulcer disease. Currently, antacid use is limited to relieving gentle intermittent gastroesophageal reflux an illness (GERD) connected with heartburn.

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<1> The estimated prevalence of heartburn at least once every week in phibìc America varieties from 18% come 28%, through 25% of adult reporting heartburn daily.<2><3><4><5>

Antacids are medications that carry out not call for a prescription; in various other words, they room self-prescribed. Antacids are a combination of miscellaneous compounds with miscellaneous salts that calcium, magnesium, and aluminum as energetic ingredients. The antacids plot by neutralizing the mountain in the stomach and by inhibiting pepsin, which is a proteolytic enzyme. Every of these cationic salts has actually a characteristic pharmacological property the determines that is clinical use. Antacids have therapeutic use for the following<6>: