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Almonds

California leader the civilization in almond production. Every spring lot speculation starts over the size of the brand-new year’s almond crop. The weather dram a an important part in the development as it does in all crops. If it’s too cold or if there is too much rain in California in February as the flower are forming on the trees, climate the bees can’t gain out to pollinate the crop.

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One lb of almonds equals:

3 cup whole, herbal or blanched3 cups chopped3 cup (scant) chopped3 cup slivered4 cups carefully ground5 cup slicedBrazil Nuts

The Brazil nut is a 3-sided nut that is actually the seed of a wild-growing tree the towers high above the other jungle growth in south America’s Amazon river basin. Harvest the nuts is a attention occupation because the heavy, falling ford cannot be viewed as they crash to the ground. The ford contain between 8-24 nuts that are each attached in separation, personal, instance shells. These ford are normally opened ~ above the spot, and also the nuts move down the river, through assorted collection points to main gathering locations in the sea towns. Shelled nuts room graded and also packed because that export when the totality nuts space loaded ~ above ships wherein they are ventilated and dried on their way to people markets. Brazil nuts are rich in selenium, a powerful antioxidant.

Cashews

The cashew is the kidney-shaped nut that grows on the outside and also bottom that the cashew apple, a yellow-orange fruit. The cashew tree blooms as soon as a year between November & January and the fruit ripens completely in two months. Indigenous harvest to last shelling, a great amount that hand labor is required. The cashew is encased by a honeycombed shell that contains a toxic, stringent oil the is capable of blistering human skin. The cashew tree is a remote relative to toxicity ivy and sumac, so even its foliage need to be tackled with extreme care. Processing includes several heating and also steaming steps to remove the seed so that also a “raw” nut has already received a gentle roasting.

Hazelnuts

Hazelnuts are also called filberts. They have a brown skin that deserve to be removed by heater them in ~ 350 levels for 10 to 15 minutes till the skin begins to flake. Ar a handful of hazelnuts in a dishtowel, climate rub intensely until most of the skin is removed. Ancient Greeks believed hazelnuts might treat coughing and baldness.

One pound of hazelnuts (shelled, whole) equates to 3-1/2 cups.Macadamia Nuts

The macadamia tree was an initial grown just for ornamental purposes. Macadamia tree bear nuts from 5 to eight years, reaching complete maturity at 15 years v a productivity of just 55 to 100 pounds that in-shell nuts every season. The restricted quantity of nuts, as well as the an obstacle in shelling, provides macadamias very expensive. The harvest season begins when the nuts mature and fall indigenous the tree. The difficult brown shell is 1/2 customs thick and also is extended in a fibrous husk. Unlike other nuts, the macadamia has actually no outer skin, and the irradiate tan nut looks as though it has actually been blanched. The shelled nuts are inserted in water, and the greatest grade (the largest nuts through the greatest oil content), float come the surface and are scooped up. The nuts space then graded through size and style.

Peanuts

Peanuts ended up being a cash chop in the south after cotton had depleted the soils and the boll weevil had damaged much the the cotton. The peanut is in reality a legume and also is regarded the soybean. Peanuts were thought so highly of by ancient Peruvians the they hidden pots the peanuts with their mummified dead come nourish them during their journey to the hereafter. Peanuts are additionally called groundnutsor goobers because after flowering, the tree bends under to the earth and also buries its pods in the ground. Shelled peanuts have to be refrigerated in one airtight container and used within three months. Peanuts room high in fat and also rich in protein.

Approximately 1 pounds raw unshelled peanuts = 1 pound raw shelled = 3 cups.Approximately 5 ounces raw shelled peanuts = 1 cup.12 ounces roasted shelled peanuts = 2 cups.Approximately 2 cups roasted shelled peanuts ground will certainly yield 1 cup peanut butter.12 ounces peanut butter = 1 cup.Pecans

Pecans space the only tree nut indigenous to the joined States. They space a member of the hickory family and also were a chef winter food of Indians and also colonists.

One pound of pecans equals 4 cups halves, 3-3/4 cup chopped.Pine Nuts

Pine nuts come indigenous several varieties of jaw trees. Lock are also known as Indian nut, pinon and also pignolias. The nut is in reality inside the jaw cone, which should be heated in stimulate to it is in removed. The labor-intensive process is among the reasons that pine nuts are so expensive. Pine nuts room a main ingredient in the do of Pesto Sauce along with basil, garlic, olive oil and Parmesan cheese.

Pistachios

Pistachios date earlier to the holy Lands of the middle East, where they flourished wild in the high desert regions. Legend has it that lover met beneath the trees to hear the pistachios crack open on moonlit nights for the promise of good fortune. A rare delicacy, pistachios to be a favourite of the Queen of Sheba, who demanded all her land’s production for herself and also her court. The natural shade of the pistachio covering is irradiate tan and the nutmeat is yellow-green. The acquainted red pistachio is sprayed with food class dye. In the past, water spots and other defects ~ above the covering were covert by the red dye. This day with boosted processes and also harvesting techniques, over there is less damage to the pistachio shell and red dye is applied much more as a heritage than a necessity. If the nuts room not handle (hulled and dried) within 12 to 24 hours, the shell will it is in stained. The California industry has invested countless dollars in equipment to process its pistachios conveniently to stop staining and sell the nuts in your natural color shells. California processors dye a small percentage of your pistachios no by necessity, yet to meet the desires of those consumers who prefer the vibrant shells. Pistachios room rich in calcium, thiamin, phosphorus, iron and vitamin A.

About 1 cup of in-shell pistachios = 1/4 cup nutmeat (30 g, 1 ounce)8 ounces of in-shell pistachios yields approximately 2 cup of nutmeatsWalnuts

English walnuts are likewise called Persian walnuts. Walnuts space the oldest well-known tree food — they date all the means back come 10,000 BC.Walnuts room the just nut that has omega-3 fatty acids.

One pound of walnuts equates to 3-3/4 cups halves; 3-1/2 cup chopped.Flax Seeds

The most typical use that flax seed is to produce linseed oil, i beg your pardon is generally used in paints and varnishes.

Poppy Seeds

It takes around 900,000 small poppy seed to equal a pound.

Sesame Seeds

Sesame Seeds might be the oldest spice recognized to man. The most well known reference to sesame seeds come in the story of Ali Baba and the forty thieves. “Open sesame” to be the magic password, which opened the door to the robber’s den. The expression referenced the truth that ripe sesame ford burst open at the slightest touch, scattering your seeds.

Sizes/Counts

Some nuts are referred to in size by a count. For instance 18-20 Pistachios, 21-25 Pistachios, 240 Cashews, 320 Cashews. This refers to the number of nuts per ounce or pound. The greater the number, the smaller sized the nut. Similar to shrimp counts in the seafood department.

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Nut Nutrition

The nuts that are highest in monounsaturated fat are almonds, Brazil nuts, hazelnuts, macadamia nuts, pecans, pistachios and walnuts. Nuts are high in calcium, folic acid, magnesium, potassium, vitamin E and also fiber.